PE Vs PB Ratio English

PE Vs PB Ratio

The main difference between PE (Price-to-Earnings) and PB (Price-to-Book) is that PE compares a company’s stock price to its earnings per share, indicating future earnings potential, while PB compares stock price to book value per share, reflecting the company’s actual asset value.

Content Id:

What Is PE Ratio In Share Market?

The Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio is a financial metric used to evaluate a company’s stock price relative to its earnings per share (EPS). It indicates how much investors are willing to pay per rupee of earnings, helping assess if a stock is overvalued or undervalued.

The P/E Ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s current share price by its EPS. A high P/E might suggest that a stock is overvalued or investors expect high future growth. Conversely, a low P/E could imply undervaluation or skepticism about future growth.

This ratio helps investors compare companies within the same industry. A company with a higher P/E than its peers might be viewed as more growth-oriented, while a lower P/E could indicate a value investment opportunity or potential issues.

For instance, if a company’s stock is trading at ₹200 and its EPS is ₹20, the P/E ratio would be 10 (₹200/₹20). This means investors are willing to pay ₹10 for every ₹1 of the company’s earnings, reflecting their valuation of the stock.

Invest in Direct Mutual Funds IPOs Bonds and Equity at ZERO COST

What is PB ratio?

The Price to Book (P/B) ratio compares a company’s current market price to its book value per share. It reflects how much shareholders are paying for the net assets of a company. A lower ratio suggests potential undervaluation, while a higher ratio indicates possible overvaluation.

The P/B ratio measures a stock’s market value against its book value, which is the net asset value of a company from its balance sheet. It helps investors evaluate whether a stock is undervalued or overvalued compared to its actual worth.

A lower P/B ratio often indicates that a stock is undervalued, meaning its market price is less than its book value. Conversely, a high P/B ratio may suggest a stock is overvalued in the market, trading at a premium compared to its book value.

For example, if Company A’s stock price is ₹200 and its book value per share is ₹250, its P/B ratio is 0.8 (₹200/₹250), indicating potential undervaluation. Conversely, if Company B’s stock price is ₹300 with a book value per share of ₹150, its P/B ratio is 2 (₹300/₹150), suggesting overvaluation.

PE Ratio Vs PB Ratio

The main difference is that the PE ratio evaluates a company’s stock price against its earnings per share, signaling profitability prospects, whereas the PB ratio assesses stock price in relation to book value per share, offering insight into a firm’s value based on its assets.

AspectPE Ratio (Price-to-Earnings)PB Ratio (Price-to-Book)
DefinitionCompares a company’s stock price to its earnings per share.Compares a company’s stock price to its book value per share.
FocusReflects how much investors are willing to pay for each rupee of earnings.Indicates how much investors are paying for the net assets of a company.
UseUsed to gauge future earnings potential and profitability.Used to assess the company’s market valuation relative to its net assets.
SuitabilityMore effective for companies with significant earnings.More relevant for asset-intensive companies.
Investor InsightHigh PE can indicate high future growth expectations; low PE may suggest undervaluation.Low PB can suggest undervaluation, high PB may signal overvaluation or growth expectations.
VariabilityCan be influenced by non-operational factors and market sentiment.More stable, based on tangible book value of the company.

To understand the topic and get more information, please read the related stock market articles below.

Forward Rate vs Spot Rate
Price to Book
Types of Spot Markets
Sweat Equity Shares
What is ESOP
Types Of Treasury Bills In India
What Is Fair Value In Stocks?
Types Of Earnings Per Share
Intrinsic Value of Share
Trade Intraday, Equity and Commodity in Alice Blue and Save 33.3% Brokerage.

PE Vs PB Ratio – Quick Summary

  • The main difference is that PE ratio compares stock price to earnings per share, indicating profit potential, while PB ratio measures stock price against book value per share, reflecting a company’s asset-based valuation.
  • The P/E Ratio measures a company’s current stock price against its earnings per share, showing the amount investors pay for each rupee of earnings, aiding in determining whether a stock is potentially overvalued or undervalued.
  • The P/B ratio measures a firm’s market price against its book value per share, showing what investors pay for a company’s net assets. Ratios below 1 may imply undervaluation; above 1 could signal overvaluation.

Difference Between PE And PB Ratio – FAQs

What is the Difference Between PE And PB Ratio?

The main difference is that the PE ratio evaluates stock price against earnings, showing profitability potential, whereas the PB ratio compares stock price with book value, indicating how the market values the company’s actual assets.

What is a good PE and PB ratio?

A “good” PE ratio varies by industry and market conditions, typically higher for growth companies. A PB ratio under 1 might indicate undervaluation. Both should be evaluated against industry averages and historical company performance for context.

Is high PB ratio good?

A high P/B ratio can signal expected growth or intangible assets’ value, yet it may also point to overvaluation. Its merit should be considered alongside other financial indicators and compared to industry norms for context.

Is a low PE ratio good?

A low PE ratio can be good, suggesting a stock might be undervalued compared to its earnings, offering a potential investment opportunity. However, it’s important to analyze why the ratio is low, as it could also indicate underlying company issues.

What is the difference between PE and EPS?

The main difference is that PE (Price-to-Earnings) ratio indicates how much investors are willing to pay per rupee of earnings, while EPS (Earnings Per Share) is the company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share.

How do you analyze PB ratio?

To analyze the P/B ratio, compare it against industry averages and historical company values. A lower ratio may indicate undervaluation, while a higher ratio suggests overvaluation. Contextualize with company growth prospects, sector performance, and economic conditions.

We hope that you are clear about the topic. But there is more to learn and explore when it comes to the stock market, commodity and hence we bring you the important topics and areas that you should know:

What is Primary Market?Silver Micro
What is Algo Trading?Ofs vs ipo
Difference between Equity Share and Preference ShareDifference Between XIRR And CAGR
Stock Market AnalysisShares below 20
Depository ParticipantMIS Order
What is Demat AccountHow to Select Stocks for Intraday
Difference between stock exchange and commodity exchangeHow to Become a Sub Broker?
What is Futures TradingWhat is Nifty?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.