November 29, 2023

What Is ROCE In the Share Market?

Return on capital employed (ROCE) is a financial ratio that evaluates the profitability and utilization efficacy of a company’s capital. It evaluates how efficiently a business generates profits from its capital. ROCE is computed by dividing Earnings before interest & tax by capital employed.

ROCE Meaning In Stock Market

ROCE stands for Return on Capital Employed. This ratio measures a company’s capital investment profitability. Capital dedicated to the company’s activities includes stock and long-term debt. It indicates the company’s total creditors and owners-financed assets.

Return On Capital Employed Example

Let’s assume ABC company generated earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) of Rs. 30 lakhs in 2022. The firm has Rs. 150 lakhs in assets and Rs. 50 lakhs in current liabilities on March 31, 2022. 

ROCE = EBIT / (Total Assets – Total Current Liabilities) 

ROCE = Rs. 30 lakhs / (Rs. 150 lakhs – Rs. 50 lakhs)

ROCE= Rs. 30 lakhs / Rs. 100 lakhs

ROCE= 30%

Therefore, the ROCE for ABC company for 2022 is 30%.

Return On Capital Employed Formula

ROCE = (Profit from Operations / Capital Employed) x 100


  • “Profit from Operations” is “Earnings Before Interest and Taxes”. It measures a company’s main commercial profit.
  • The total assets used to make earnings are called “capital employed”. The formula is Total Assets less Current Liabilities. Accounts payable are current liabilities since they are due within a year.

How To Calculate ROCE?

Calculate Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) – This is the company’s operating profit before taxes and interest expenses are deducted. It is contained within the income summary.

Calculate Capital Employed – This is the total amount of assets used to generate EBIT. Capital employed is calculated by subtracting current liabilities from total assets. Current liabilities are debts that are expected to be repaid within one year, such as accounts payable.

Divide EBIT by Capital Employed – To calculate ROCE, divide the EBIT by the capital employed.

ROCE = EBIT / Capital Employed

What Is A Good Roce Ratio?

The definition of a “good” ROCE ratio varies by industry, economic climate, and company life cycle. In general, a larger ROCE indicates greater capital efficiency and profitability, whereas a lower ROCE indicates that the company may not be utilizing its capital efficiently. However, what constitutes a “good” ROCE can vary based on context. 

Difference Between ROCE And ROE

The primary difference between ROCE and ROE is that ROCE assesses the efficiency with which total capital is utilized in the organization, whereas ROE particularly examines the returns earned from shareholders’ capital.

ROCE (Return on Capital Employed)ROE (Return on Equity)
Measures a company’s profitability and the efficiency with which its capital is employedMeasures a company’s profitability by revealing how much profit a company generates with the money shareholders have invested
Capital employed includes both debt and equityEquity only includes shareholders’ funds (issued share capital and reserves)
Indicates whether a company is generating sufficient returns to cover its cost of capitalIndicates whether a company is generating sufficient profits to provide an adequate return for its shareholders
Higher ROCE indicates more efficient use of capital to generate profitsHigher ROE indicates better profit generation for the level of risk faced by shareholders in the business

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Return On Capital Employed

The primary advantage of ROCE is that it measures how effectively a company uses its capital to make money, helping investors see if the business is using its assets well. On the other hand, the primary disadvantage of ROCE is that it may be controlled and altered by accounting decisions. For example, companies may understate capital utilized to boost ROCE.

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What Is Roce In Share Market – Quick Summary

  • ROCE stands for Return on Capital Employed and is a financial ratio that measures the profitability of a company’s capital invested in its operations.
  • ROCE assesses how well a company uses its money to produce profits. A greater ROCE ratio shows that capital is being used more efficiently to produce profits.
  • ROCE = Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) / Capital Employed
  • An ROCE ratio above 15% is generally considered good. The higher, the better, as it means more profits are generated from less capital used.
  • ROCE considers operating profitability, while ROE considers overall profitability, including financing costs.

What Is Roce In Share Market – Frequently Asked Questions

What is ROCE?

ROCE stands for Return on Capital Employed. It is a financial ratio that measures how well a company uses its money to earn profits.

Is high ROCE good?

Yes, a high ROCE is generally regarded as positive because it indicates that the company is effective at generating profits from its invested capital.

What does a ROCE of 20% mean?

A ROCE of 20% indicates that for every Rs. 100 of capital employed, the company generates Rs. 20 in profits. Therefore, a 20% ROCE indicates an efficient use of capital.

Which company has the highest ROCE in India?

Page Industries, Hindustan Unilever, Nestle India, and Colgate-Palmolive are just a few of the businesses in India that have consistently high ROCE. ROCE varies across industries and businesses.

What is the difference between ROCE and ROE?

ROE measures the profitability of the shareholders’ equity, while ROCE measures the profitability of the capital employed in a company’s operations. 

How much ROCE is good in India?

A ROCE greater than 15% is generally favorable for Indian companies. However, this can vary by industry; in extremely capital-intensive industries, an ROCE of over 10% may be sufficient.

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