Lock In Period Meaning

Lock In Period Meaning

A lock-in period is a certain time duration in which one cannot sell or withdraw the investments. Its purpose is to ensure stability and maintain liquidity in the investments.


Lock In Period

A lock-in period is a specific period during which an investor of certain financial assets cannot sell, transfer, or dispose of them. It is a regulatory provision or restriction made to limit the ability to exit an investment for a predetermined period. 

  • Lock-in periods are used to achieve stability, prevent short-term speculation, or meet legal or regulatory requirements.
  • These periods can vary in length and depend on the terms and conditions of the investment. 
  • Once the lock-in period expires, the investor is free to sell or transfer the assets.
  • Instruments like mutual funds, IPOs, and hedge funds typically have a lock-in period.
  • For some investors, the lock-in period is an opportunity for growth as it promotes long-term commitments, while for others, it’s a limitation since it restricts flexibility.

Lock In Period Example

Examples of Lock-in Period can be seen when Investors opt for Public Provident Funds, they commit to a 15-year holding period, which encourages long-term savings. 

In contrast, Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) Mutual Funds have a shorter lock-in period of 3 years, often chosen by those seeking tax benefits while building wealth. 

On the other hand, some Indian government bonds come with a 6-year lock-in period, offering fixed returns for investors. 

How To Check Lock In Period Of Mutual Fund?

You can check a mutual fund’s lock-in period by reviewing its Scheme Information Document (SID) or on the AMC’s website for each specific mutual fund scheme.

How To Withdraw Mutual Funds Before Locking Period?

To withdraw mutual funds before the lock-in period, follow these steps:

  1. Confirm the fund type since open-ended funds allow flexible withdrawals, while close-ended funds may have restrictions.
  2. Check the fund’s documentation by referring to the Scheme Information Document (SID) to understand withdrawal terms and any penalties.
  3. Contact the Asset Management Company (AMC) for guidance on the process and potential penalties.
  4. Consider waiting until the lock-in period ends if early withdrawal is unfavorable due to penalties.

Lock in periods for different investment

Investment lock-in periods vary: Hedge Funds range from 30 to 90 days, Tax Saving FDs and Unit Linked Insurance Plans mandate a 5-year hold, while Public Provident Funds require 15 years with conditional early withdrawal, and National Savings Certificates generally enforce a 5-year term.

Importance of Lock In Period

The primary importance of a lock-in period is to encourage a long-term commitment to investments, which can lead to more stable portfolios and help investors achieve specific financial goals, such as savings for retirement or tax benefits.

  • Lock-in periods benefit equity investors by promoting long-term commitment and discouraging impulsive reactions to market changes.
  • In mutual funds, lock-in periods maintain fund stability, protect liquidity, and limit redemptions.
  • The objective of a lock-in period is to protect investors’ wealth and enable them to reap profits from their equity investments by maintaining market stability.

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Lock In Period Meaning – Quick Summary

  • A lock-in period restricts investors from selling or withdrawing their investments for a predetermined duration to ensure stability and meet regulatory requirements.
  • It applies to various financial instruments, including mutual funds, IPOs, and hedge funds, and aims to discourage short-term speculation.
  • Lock-in periods vary in length and promote long-term commitment to investments.
  • Examples include the 15-year lock-in for Public Provident Funds and the 3-year lock-in for Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) Mutual Funds.
  • To check a mutual fund’s lock-in period, refer to the Scheme Information Document (SID) or contact the Asset Management Company (AMC).
  • Lock-in periods are crucial for safeguarding investors’ wealth and encouraging long-term financial goals like retirement savings and tax benefits.
  • Alice Blue offers quick collateral, eliminating the need for lock-in periods. With Alice Blue you can pledge your stocks by 7:30 AM and access funds on the same day for flexible trading.

Lock In Period – FAQs  

1. What Is Lock In Period?

A lock-in period is a certain time duration in which one cannot sell or withdraw the investment, such as shares or securities. Its purpose is to ensure stability and maintain liquidity in the investments.

2. What is the meaning of a 3 year lock in period?

A 3-year lock-in period means that one cannot access or sell a particular investment, such as a mutual fund or certain shares, for a duration of three years from the date of purchase.

3. How do you calculate lock in period?

The lock-in period is calculated by counting the years or months from the date of the initial investment to when you can access the investment. For example, if you invest in a mutual fund with a 3-year lock-in period on January 1, 2024, you can sell or redeem your investment without any restrictions starting January 1, 2027.

4. What is the difference between lock-in period and tenure?

The Lock-in period refers to a specific period during which you cannot access or sell an investment, while Tenure refers to the length of time you hold or plan to hold an investment, which may or may not include a lock-in period.

5. Is lock in period compulsory?

Lock-in periods are not compulsory for all investments; they are specific to certain types of financial products or investments, such as mutual funds or tax-saving investments.

6. What is the benefit of lock in period?

The main benefit of a lock-in period is that it encourages long-term investment and commitment, which leads to stability and liquidity.

To gain a better understanding of the topic and access more information , explore the articles below that cover mutual funds, stock market insights, trading strategies, and organizational perspectives.

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