Subscribed Share Capital English

Subscribed Share Capital

Subscribed Share Capital is the amount of share capital that investors have committed to buy from a company. This figure is crucial for understanding a company’s funding and investor interest, serving as a key indicator of market confidence in its future.

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Subscribed Share Capital Meaning

Subscribed Share Capital represents a commitment. It’s the total value of shares that investors have agreed to purchase from a company. This commitment is crucial for a company’s initial and ongoing financing needs, illustrating the tangible backing it receives from its shareholders.

In more detail, Subscribed Share Capital signifies investor confidence and financial support for a company. When investors subscribe to shares, they’re indicating trust in the company’s potential for growth and profitability. This capital is not just a number—it reflects the strength of investor relations and financial stability, playing a vital role in a company’s ability to expand and invest in new projects, and is a direct testament to the faith investors place in its management and operational strategies.

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Subscribed Share Capital Example

Subscribed Share Capital is demonstrated when a company, let’s say ABC Ltd., issues 100,000 shares priced at Rs 10 each. If investors commit to purchasing 90,000 of these shares, the Subscribed Share Capital becomes Rs 900,000. This figure represents the amount investors are willing to invest in ABC Ltd.

Consider that ABC Ltd. has successfully attracted investors to subscribe to 90% of the shares offered. This subscription level shows strong market confidence in ABC Ltd.’s potential. For instance, if each share is priced at Rs 10, and investors subscribe to 90,000 shares, the total Subscribed Share Capital amounts to Rs 900,000 (90,000 shares x Rs 10 per share). This capital infusion allows ABC Ltd. to allocate funds towards its strategic goals, such as expanding its operations, investing in new technology, or entering new markets. 

What Is The Process Of Subscribed Capital?

The process of subscribed capital begins when a company decides to raise funds by issuing shares to investors. Interested investors commit to purchasing a specified number of these shares, thereby subscribing to the company’s share capital. This process is crucial for the company’s fundraising efforts, as it determines the amount of capital that will be raised through the share issuance. Steps in the Process of Raising Subscribed Capital:

  • Issuance Announcement: The company announces its intention to issue shares, detailing the number of shares and the price per share. This step involves public communication, often through a prospectus, which provides potential investors with all necessary information about the share issuance.
  • Subscription Period: A period is set during which investors can express their interest and commit to purchasing shares. Investors review the issuance details and decide how many shares they wish to subscribe to, often through an application process.
  • Allocation of Shares: Once the subscription period closes, the company allocates shares to subscribers based on the amount they committed to purchase. The allocation process may vary if the issue is oversubscribed, with some investors potentially receiving fewer shares than they subscribed for.
  • Capital Receipt: Following the allocation, the subscribed capital is transferred from investors to the company, completing the capital raising process.This step marks the infusion of new funds into the company, enhancing its financial capacity for operational and strategic initiatives.
  • Share Registration: Finally, the company registers the new shareholders and issues share certificates or digital entries, recognizing their ownership. This formalizes the investors’ ownership of the shares, granting them rights such as dividends and voting in shareholder meetings.

Subscribed Share Capital Formula

The formula for Subscribed Share Capital is straightforward: it’s the number of shares subscribed to by investors multiplied by the par value of each share. This calculation provides the total value of shares that investors have committed to purchasing.

To understand this better, consider a company, XYZ Ltd., which issues 1,00,000 shares with a par value of Rs 10 each. If investors subscribe to 80,000 of these shares, the Subscribed Share Capital is calculated as follows:

  • Subscribed Share Capital = Number of Subscribed Shares x Par Value per Share
  • Subscribed Share Capital = 80,000 shares x Rs 10 = Rs 8,00,000

Issued Share vs Subscribed Share Capital

The main difference between Issued Share Capital and Subscribed Share Capital is that Issued Share Capital refers to the total value of shares that a company offers for sale, while Subscribed Share Capital represents the portion of issued shares that investors have actually agreed to purchase.

ParameterIssued Share CapitalSubscribed Share Capital
DefinitionThe total number of shares a company makes available for investors to buy.The number of shares investors commit to buying from the total issued shares.
Investor CommitmentRepresents a company’s intent to sell a certain number of shares.Reflects investor interest and the actual number of shares purchased.
Financial ImplicationIndicates potential capital a company aims to raise.Represents actual capital raised based on investor commitments.
Legal StatusAuthorized by the company’s board, indicating a cap on shares available for issuance.Legal obligation arises as investors agree to purchase, creating a financial transaction.
Valuation ImpactMay influence company valuation indirectly through potential for capital.Directly impacts company valuation by confirming the capital infusion.
FlexibilityOffers flexibility in capital raising options without immediate financial commitment.Involves a definite commitment from investors, reducing flexibility but securing capital.
Market PerceptionCan signal growth intent and future prospects to the market.Strengthens market confidence by showcasing actual investor support and financial backing.
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Subscribed Share Capital – Quick Summary

  • Subscribed Share Capital indicates the amount investors commit to a company, reflecting funding and market confidence.
  • Subscribed Share Capital represents investor commitment and confidence, crucial for a company’s financing needs and growth.
  • An example of Subscribed Share Capital is when ABC Ltd. raised Rs 900,000 through investor subscriptions, demonstrating trust and support for the company’s potential.
  • What Is The Process Of Subscribed Capital?: Describes the steps from issuing shares to receiving capital based on investor commitments.
  • The Subscribed Share Capital Formula is calculated by multiplying subscribed shares by their par value, demonstrating how to determine total committed capital.
  • The primary distinction between Issued Share Capital and Subscribed Share Capital is that Issued Share Capital refers to the total value of shares that a company offers for sale, whereas Subscribed Share Capital represents the percentage of issued shares that investors have agreed to purchase.
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Subscribed Share Capital Meaning – FAQs

What are Subscribed Shares?

Subscribed shares are the shares that investors have agreed to buy and for which they have made a commitment to a company. This agreement shows investors’ support and confidence in the company’s potential.

What are the 4 types of share capital?

The four types of share capital include Authorized Capital, which is the ceiling a company can issue; Issued Capital, being the portion offered to investors; Subscribed Capital, which investors commit to buy; and Paid-up Capital, the actual amount paid for subscribed shares.

What is the difference between issued share capital and subscribed share capital?

The main difference is that issued share capital refers to the total value of shares a company offers for sale, whereas subscribed share capital is the value of shares that investors have actually agreed to buy.

How do you calculate subscribed capital?

Subscribed capital is calculated by multiplying the number of shares subscribed to by investors by the par value of each share. For example, if 1,000 shares with a par value of Rs 10 are subscribed, the subscribed capital is Rs 10,000.

What is the minimum percentage of shares to be subscribed?

The minimum percentage of shares that must be subscribed is 90% of the issued amount. This ensures that the company raises a substantial portion of the capital it seeks through the share issuance.

Can you sell subscribed shares?

Yes, subscribed shares can be sold. Once investors pay for their subscribed shares and the company lists on a stock exchange, these shares can be traded on the open market, allowing shareholders to sell their holdings.

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