Types Of Dividend Policy

Types Of Dividend Policy

There are four major types of dividend policies: regular dividend, irregular dividend, stable dividend, and no dividend. Dividend policies dictate how a company decides to distribute its earnings to its shareholders. These policies can vary depending on the company’s financial situation, its future investment plans, and other factors.


What Do You Mean By Dividend Policy

A dividend policy is a set of principles and guidelines that a company follows to determine what portion of its earnings will be distributed to its shareholders in the form of dividends. It reflects the company’s approach to sharing profits and can be influenced by various internal and external factors. 

For instance, let’s consider the case of “Reliance Industries Ltd,” one of India’s largest conglomerates. In 2020, amidst the pandemic, the company decided to reduce its dividend payment in order to retain more earnings for potential investments and boost its financial position. This decision was influenced by the uncertain economy and the company’s plans to grow in the digital and retail sectors.

Types Of Dividend Policy In Financial Management

In the field of financial management, there are four types of dividend policy, which are as follows:

  1. Regular Dividend Policy
  2. Irregular Dividend Policy
  3. Stable Dividend Policy
  4. No Dividend Policy
  1. Regular Dividend Policy: Companies following this policy distribute dividends to their shareholders on a regular basis, regardless of their yearly profits or losses. It’s a consistent and predictable approach, ensuring shareholders receive a dividend at specified intervals.
  1. Irregular Dividend Policy: Under this policy, companies do not have a fixed pattern for dividend distribution. They distribute dividends only when they have surplus profits. The payouts are unpredictable and depend on the company’s financial health at any given time.
  1. Stable Dividend Policy: Companies with this policy commit to paying a certain amount as dividends every year, irrespective of their actual profits. This provides shareholders with a sense of reliability, knowing they’ll receive a set dividend amount annually.
  1. No Dividend Policy: Companies adopting this policy retain all their earnings and do not distribute any dividends to shareholders. They usually reinvest these earnings to fuel growth, expansion, or other business activities.

Dividend Yield Vs Dividend Payout Ratio

The primary distinction between Dividend Yield and Dividend Payout Ratio is that Dividend Yield represents the annual dividend payment as a percentage of the stock’s current market price, whereas Dividend Payout Ratio represents the proportion of earnings distributed as dividends.

ParameterDividend YieldDividend Payout Ratio
DefinitionDividend Yield refers to the ratio of annual dividends compared to the stock’s market price.Dividend Payout Ratio refers to the ratio of dividends paid out of the company’s net income.
RelevanceDividend Yield evaluates the potential return from dividends on a stock.Dividend Payout Ratio assesses how a company chooses to distribute its earnings among shareholders.
CalculationDividend Yield is calculated as Annual Dividends divided by Stock Price.Dividend Payout Ratio is determined by dividing Annual Dividends by Net Income.
ImpactA higher Dividend Yield suggests that a stock provides attractive dividend returns.A higher Dividend Payout Ratio indicates that a company distributes a larger portion of its earnings as dividends.
DependencyDividend Yield is primarily influenced by fluctuations in stock price.Dividend Payout Ratio is shaped by the company’s earnings and its decisions on dividend distribution.
StabilityDividend Yield reflects the regularity and consistency of dividend returns.Dividend Payout Ratio provides insights into the consistency of a company’s profit distribution practices.
Investor’s PerspectiveInvestors use Dividend Yield to gauge the dividend income potential of a stock.Dividend Payout Ratio offers investors a view into the company’s approach to sharing its profits.

We hope that you are clear about the topic. But there is more to learn and explore when it comes to the stock market, commodity and hence we bring you the important topics and areas that you should know:

What is Dividend Policy
What Is Unclaimed Dividend
Features of joint stock company
Sideways Market
Property Dividend
Joint stock company
Difference Between Partnership Firm And Joint Stock Company
What Is Non Convertible Debentures
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Different Types Of Dividend Policy – Quick Summary

  • Dividend policies guide how a company distributes its earnings, with four primary types: Regular, Irregular, Stable, and No Dividend.
  • The dividend policy reflects a company’s approach to profit-sharing, influenced by various factors.
  • Dividend Yield shows return on investment, while Dividend Payout Ratio indicates profit distribution.
  • To earn dividends, you must invest in stocks Investing is completely free with Alice Blue. Alice Blue also offers the Margin Trade Funding facility, which allows you to purchase stocks using a 4x margin, i.e. you can purchase stocks worth Rs 10,000 for just Rs 2,500. 

Types Of Dividend Policy – FAQs  

What are the types of dividend policy?

There are four main types of dividend policies:

  • Regular Dividend Policy
  • Irregular Dividend Policy
  • Stable Dividend Policy
  • No Dividend Policy

What are the 5 factors of dividend policy?

The five most influential factors on a company’s dividend policy are:

  • Company’s Financial Health
  • Economic Condition
  • Business Expansion Plans
  • Tax Consideration
  • Debt Levels

What are the 3 dividend dates?

The three crucial dates related to dividends are the declaration date, Ex-Dividend date, and payment date. 

What is a zero dividend policy?

A zero dividend policy is when a company decides not to distribute any dividends to its shareholders. Instead, the company reinvests all its earnings back into the business. This is often seen in startups or companies in growth phases where all profits are reinvested to fuel expansion and growth.

What are the three forms of stable dividend policy?

The three forms of a stable dividend policy are:

  • Constant Dividend per Share: Companies commit to paying a fixed dividend amount per share every year.
  • Constant Payout Ratio: Companies distribute a fixed percentage of their earnings as dividends each year.
  • Constant Dividend plus Extra: Companies pay a fixed dividend, and when they have excess earnings, they pay an additional ‘extra’ dividend.

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