April 15, 2024
Types of Foreign Institutional Investors

Types of Foreign Institutional Investors

Types of Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) come in various forms, each with different investment strategies and objectives. They are as follows:

  • Hedge Funds
  • Pension Funds
  • Mutual Funds
  • Investment Banks
  • Insurance Companies
  • Sovereign Wealth Funds
  • Endowments

Content :

What Is FII?

An FII, or Foreign Institutional Investor, is an investor or investment fund registered in a country outside of the one it is investing in. These investors are typically large institutions, such as pension funds, mutual funds, insurance companies, and endowments, which invest in a country’s securities and other financial assets.

FIIs are known for their significant amounts of investment capital and their ability to influence the markets due to their large trades. They are seen as contributing to international capital flow and are often sought after by countries for the foreign investment they bring into the domestic market, which can help develop a country’s financial markets.

Types of FII

Types of FIIs encompass diverse entities like hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, investment banks, insurance companies, sovereign wealth funds, and endowments supporting institutions. 

Hedge Funds

Hedge funds are specialized investment funds that use diverse and often aggressive strategies to maximize returns. They typically involve higher risks and are accessible to sophisticated investors who can handle potential significant gains or losses.

Hedge funds operate with less regulation and employ various strategies like leveraging, short selling, and trading in complex financial instruments. They aim to achieve high returns, often outperforming standard market indices. 

However, their aggressive strategies can also lead to substantial risks, making them suitable mainly for experienced investors who understand and can afford them. To invest in hedge funds, you must usually be a high-income or wealthy individual. These funds often require large initial investments and are more suited for experienced investors.

Pension Funds

Pension funds are investment pools that collect and invest contributions from workers to provide them with retirement income. These funds focus on long-term, stable growth to ensure a secure financial future for retirees.

Pension funds are critical in retirement planning and invest conservatively in assets like bonds and stocks to minimize risk. Their investment strategy is designed to ensure the fund’s solvency over time, with the primary goal of fulfilling long-term payout obligations to retirees. 

They aim for stable returns, emphasizing capital preservation and steady income generation. You invest in pension funds through your job. A part of your salary goes into the fund, sometimes with extra contributions from your employer.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are investment vehicles that pool money from multiple investors to buy a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities. They are managed by financial professionals aiming to provide good returns to investors.

These funds offer individual investors access to various assets and professional management. By pooling resources, investors benefit from diversification, which can reduce risk. Mutual funds target varying returns, depending on their investment strategy, ranging from conservative income-focused funds to aggressive growth-oriented funds. 

They provide an accessible way for individuals to invest in broader market segments. You can invest in mutual funds by opening a brokerage account with platforms like Alice Blue. They offer different risk levels to match your investment goals.

Investment Banks

Investment banks are financial institutions that specialize in large and complex financial transactions. They offer services like trading securities and giving advice on mergers and acquisitions.

These banks play a key role in the financial markets by helping companies go public through IPOs, managing mergers, and advising on acquisitions. They also invest in various securities, managing money to get the best returns for their clients. 

Their work is crucial in helping companies grow and making the market work efficiently. Investment banks are more for big investors or companies, not usually for individual small investors. They help buy stocks when a company first sells them to the public.

Insurance Companies

Insurance companies collect premiums from policyholders and invest this money to pay for future claims. They spread their investments across different types of assets.

These companies aim to have enough liquid assets to cover any claims policyholders might make while also earning returns to support their financial responsibilities. Their investment strategies are carefully planned to stay financially healthy and keep the trust of their customers. 

They balance the need to be ready to pay claims with the desire to make a profit from their investments. When you buy insurance, your premiums are invested by the insurance company. Some insurance products, like annuities, let you invest more directly.

Sovereign Wealth Funds

Sovereign wealth funds are state-owned investment funds that manage a country’s reserves. They invest in various assets to support the country’s economic stability and growth and have a long-term focus.

These funds invest in domestic and international assets to preserve and grow the nation’s wealth. They play a significant role in stabilizing the country’s economy and can greatly impact global financial markets. 

Their investments are strategically made to support national interests and economic objectives. Individual investors can’t usually invest directly in sovereign wealth funds. Large government-run funds invest in different things to help a country’s economy.


Endowments are funds set up by non-profit organizations, like universities, to support their ongoing mission. They focus on long-term financial health and generating income.

These funds provide a steady income that can be used for things like charity, education, or research because they have been managed to grow over time. Endowments typically invest in a variety of assets to balance growth and income. 

Their goal is to ensure the organization’s financial sustainability, supporting its mission for many years. Endowments are not open for direct investment by individuals. They grow through donations and are managed by the organizations they support, like universities.

Top 10 Foreign Institutional Investors In India

Top 10 Foreign Institutional Investors In India are as follows:

Europacific Growth Fund

Europacific Growth Fund invests primarily in equities across Europe and also invests in other continents of the world, aiming for long-term growth. It selects companies with the potential for increased earnings, focusing on regions with significant growth opportunities. Here are the holdings of the Europacific Growth Fund in India:

StockHolding Value (₹ Cr.)Quantity HeldSep 2023 Change %Sep 2023 Holding %Jun 2023 %Mar 2023 %
Bharti Airtel Ltd.13,701.4133,744,0490.3%2.2%1.9%2.1%
Godrej Consumer Products Ltd.1,160.310,323,9950%1.0%1.0%1.0%
Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd.12,529.266,045,5750%3.3%3.3%3.3%
Jio Financial Services Ltd.2,301.698,231,1350%1.6%
Reliance Industries Ltd.25,159.297,278,649-0.2%1.5%1.7%1.7%

Government of Singapore

An investment arm of the Singaporean government, this fund manages a diverse portfolio with a global investment strategy. It focuses on long-term value, investing in various sectors across the world. Here are the holdings of the Government of Singapore in India:

Shriram Finance Ltd.3,477.8 Cr17,007,6581.3%4.5%3.3%
Tata Steel Ltd.2,789.9 Cr202,679,1820.5%1.7%1.2%1.3%
Sona BLW Precision Forgings Ltd.2,416.2 Cr37,652,3430.5%6.4%6.0%5.4%
Max Financial Services Ltd.679.3 Cr7,137,7730.3%2.1%1.7%1.7%
Max Healthcare Institute Ltd.4,728.8 Cr69,608,1040.2%7.2%6.9%6.3%
Apollo Tyres Ltd.431.6 Cr9,647,3990.2%1.5%1.3%

Oppenheimer Funds

Oppenheimer Funds is known for diversified investment strategies. This fund manages assets across different classes, such as equities, fixed income, and alternative investments. It caters to a range of investment needs. Here are the holdings of the Oppenheimer Funds in India:

Invesco Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund6,430,8102.31%
Invesco Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund6,430,8102.31%
Invesco Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund6,430,8102.31%

Abu Dhabi Investment Authority

Abu Dhabi Investment Authority is one of the world’s largest sovereign wealth funds, it invests on behalf of the Government of Abu Dhabi. The focus is on diversification and long-term value across various global markets. Here are the holdings of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority in India:

Sula Vineyards Ltd.119.0 Cr2,385,6321.5%2.8%1.3%1.3%
CMS Info Systems Ltd.124.4 Cr3,288,8260.7%2.1%1.4%
Aavas Financiers Ltd.266.7 Cr1,768,9350.2%2.2%2.0%1.3%
Great Eastern Shipping Company Ltd.232.0 Cr2,419,9440%1.7%1.7%2.2%
Welspun Corp Ltd.145.3 Cr2,680,7270%1.0%
SIS Ltd.90.7 Cr1,994,4810%1.4%1.4%1.4%

Government Pension Fund Global

Government Pension Fund Global is the Norwegian sovereign wealth fund that invests the country’s oil revenues in international financial markets. Its aim is to secure future pensions, focusing on long-term, sustainable investment strategies. Here are the holdings of the Government Pension Fund Global in India:

Network18 Media & Investments Ltd.219.3 Cr25,025,2840.5%2.4%1.9%1.9%
Prince Pipes & Fittings Ltd.186.3 Cr2,500,0000.5%2.3%1.8%1.7%
Syngene International Ltd.591.8 Cr8,429,9540.4%2.1%1.8%1.8%
Havells India Ltd.2,005.9 Cr14,573,6970.3%2.3%2.0%2.0%
Praj Industries Ltd.140.8 Cr2,543,4000.2%1.4%1.1%1.1%
HFCL Ltd.152.5 Cr18,477,0060.2%1.3%1.1%

First State Investments

First State Investments is an international asset manager that offers a wide range of investment strategies. It focuses on the Asia-Pacific region and emerging markets, catering to diverse investor profiles. Here are the holdings of First State Investments in India:

Solara Active Pharma Sciences Ltd.2.80%37.2 Cr
Mahindra Lifespace Developers Ltd.1.56%131.5 Cr
Heidelberg Cement India Ltd.1.37%72.8 Cr
Mahanagar Gas Ltd.1.24%147.3 Cr
Godrej Consumer Products Ltd.1.18%1,375.0 Cr


Aberdeen specializes in international investment. Aberdeen manages assets across regional and global equities, fixed income, property, and other specialist areas. Their strategy focuses on comprehensive global investment. Here are the holdings of Aberdeen in India:

Vijaya Diagnostic Centre Ltd.1.51%0.00102.1 Cr
Aegis Logistics Ltd.1.05%0.00129.2 Cr

Dodge & Cox International Stock Fund

This fund adopts a value-based investment philosophy with a focus on international equities. It aims for long-term capital appreciation by investing in a diverse range of international stocks. Here are the holdings of Dodge & Cox International Stock Fund in India:

Axis Bank Ltd.2.77%0.009,114.0 Cr
ICICI Bank Ltd.2.27%-0.5512,607.8 Cr

Franklin Templeton Investments Funds

Franklin Templeton Investments Funds is a global investment management group that offers a broad range of asset management and investment advisory services. Their approach is tailored to cater to global investment needs. Here are the holdings of Franklin Templeton Investments Funds in India:

City Union Bank Ltd.7,489,929112.2 Cr
Restaurant Brands Asia Ltd.5,192,46757.1 Cr
EPL Ltd.3,322,07266.4 Cr


Vanguard stands out for its low-cost index funds and ETFs. As a global investment management service provider, it focuses on cost efficiency and diversified investment solutions, catering to a wide range of investors. Here are the holdings of Vanguard in India:

Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd.235.4 Cr10,830,4271.2%2.3%1.0%1.0%
Shriram Finance Ltd.1,557.5 Cr7,608,2321.0%2.0%1.0%
Computer Age Management Services Ltd.263.2 Cr989,7751.0%2.0%1.0%1.0%
Crompton Greaves Consumer Electricals Ltd.524.9 Cr16,946,9810.1%2.6%2.6%2.6%
IDFC Ltd.458.1 Cr36,440,3360.0%2.3%2.3%2.3%
Delhivery Ltd.604.5 Cr15,520,1890.0%2.1%2.1%

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Types Of FII – Quick Summary

  • Types of Foreign Institutional Investors comprise hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, investment banks, insurance companies, sovereign wealth funds, and endowments.
  • There are many different types of Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), including hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, investment banks, insurance companies, sovereign wealth funds, and endowments. 
  • Hedge Funds utilize aggressive strategies and complex instruments to maximize investor returns, often engaging in leveraging and operating with less regulation.
  • Pension Funds invest conservatively to provide stable, long-term returns for retirees, focusing on a mix of bonds and equities to ensure fund solvency.
  • Mutual Funds pool individual investor funds to create diversified portfolios managed by professionals, offering access to a broader market.
  • Investment Banks specialize in securities trading and advisory services, playing a crucial role in IPOs, mergers, and acquisitions while managing investments for returns.
  • Insurance Companies invest premiums to generate returns while maintaining sufficient liquidity to meet future policyholder claims.
  • Sovereign Wealth Funds manage national reserves for long-term economic stability and growth, investing in a mix of foreign and domestic assets.
  • Endowments support the sustainable missions of non-profits through investments aimed at long-term growth and providing a stable income for activities like education and research.
  • Top 10 Foreign Institutional Investors in India include the Europacific Growth Fund, the Government of Singapore, Oppenheimer Funds, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, the Government Pension Fund Global, First State Investments, Aberdeen, Dodge & Cox International Stock Fund, Franklin Templeton Investments Funds, and Vanguard.
  • Invest in stocks, IPOs and mutual funds for free with Alice Blue.

Types of Foreign Institutional Investors – FAQs  

1. What are the types of Foreign Institutional Investors?

The types of foreign institutional investors include hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, investment banks, insurance companies, sovereign wealth funds, and endowments.

2. What are the 4 types of foreign investments?

Here are the four types of foreign investments:

  • Direct Investment
  • Portfolio Investment
  • Other Investment
  • Financial Derivatives

3. What are the components of FII?

The components of an FII’s portfolio usually include a blend of equity and debt securities. These investments are made across various markets, targeting shares of companies for equity stakes or bonds and debentures for fixed income, spanning primary issuances to secondary market trading.

4. Are Fii And Fpi the Same?

No, FII (Foreign Institutional Investor) and FPI (Foreign Portfolio Investment) are not the same. FII refers to institutional investment, while FPI refers to investments by individuals and institutions in foreign financial assets.

We hope that you are clear about the topic. But there is more to learn and explore when it comes to the stock market, commodity and hence we bring you the important topics and areas that you should know:

What is Bond Market?Zinc Mini
What is Futures Trading?Red Herring Prospectus
Pledged Shares MeaningThematic Funds
Difference between Fundamental Analysis and Technical AnalysisGold Stocks List
Difference between FDI and FPIBracket Order
Difference Between Demat and Trading AccountBest Intraday Trading Strategies
circuit in stock marketWhat is a Sub Broker?
Iron CondorWhat is SEBI

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