What Do You Mean By Buyback Of Shares

A buyback of shares is a corporate practice in which a company buys back its shares from existing shareholders through an open market or a tender offer. Share repurchase lowers the number of outstanding shares, which raises (positive) profits per share and frequently increases stock value. Buyback of shares helps investors boost shareholder value and increase share prices while providing a tax advantage. It also shows investors that a company has enough cash to cover unexpected expenses and a low likelihood of financial difficulties.

Buy Back Of Shares Meaning

A buyback of shares occurs when a company buys its own shares in the open market. It is a common stock market action that proves to be beneficial for investors. Investors benefit from a buyback as they get their money back and receive more money than the stock’s market price. For the investors who hold onto their stock, there is also an increase in the share price, as buyback often raises the share price. 

By purchasing shares with retained earnings or extra cash, a firm can reduce the total number of shares in the market. It raises the company’s earnings per share and the percentage of existing shareholders who own it. Share buybacks are typically used to demonstrate confidence in the company’s future, to distribute extra cash, or to protect against hostile takeovers.

Objectives of Buyback of Shares

The main objective of the buyback of shares is to increase promoters’ holdings and valuation of a company. Another objective is to support the share price when it is below its fair value. It also aims to distribute extra cash to shareholders. 

  • Confidence Signaling: Buybacks demonstrate management’s confidence in the company’s future prospects, positively influencing investor sentiment.
  • Earnings Per Share Enhancement: Reducing the number of outstanding shares through buybacks can increase earnings per share, potentially attracting more investors.
  • Efficient Cash Allocation: Buybacks provide a way to utilize surplus cash effectively, especially when suitable investment opportunities are limited.
  • Shareholder Value: By repurchasing shares, companies return value to shareholders, contributing to their overall returns on investment.
  • Takeover Defense: Buybacks can serve as a defense mechanism against hostile takeovers, making it more expensive for external entities to gain control.
  • Tax-Efficient Returns: Returning value through buybacks might offer tax advantages over traditional dividends for the company and shareholders.

Advantages Of Buyback Of Shares

The primary advantage of the buyback of shares is that it increases the valuation of the company and promoter’s holdings. It also rewards shareholders with the extra cash. Here are some of the key advantages of buyback of shares:

  • Improves EPS: Buyback reduces the number of outstanding shares, leading to higher earnings per share (EPS) as profits are distributed among fewer shares. It improves the company’s share value.
  • Undervalued Shares: When management feels the company shares are undervalued in the market, a buyback sends a positive signal to investors about the stock.
  • Returns Surplus Cash: Companies often undertake buyback when they have good cash reserves and do not have better investment opportunities. It returns excess cash to shareholders.
  • Tax Efficiency: Buyback allows companies to distribute surplus cash to shareholders tax-efficiently compared to dividends, which are taxed twice.
  • Boosts Investor Confidence: Buyback conveys management’s confidence in the company’s future prospects and acts as a positive sentiment booster.
  • Alternative to Dividends: Companies with little or no dividend payout can reward shareholders through buyback if they do not want to commit to regular dividends.
  • Stock Options Benefit: Buyback can benefit employees holding stock options by increasing the company’s share price.

Disadvantages Of Buyback Of Shares

The main disadvantage of the buyback of shares is that it reduces the company’s cash reserves and financial flow. Another disadvantage is that it can squander shareholder’s money if a management team purchases shares at any price instead of a fair price.

Share buybacks come with certain disadvantages that companies and stakeholders should consider:

  • Misallocation of Resources: Funds spent on buybacks might be better invested in research, development, or strategic initiatives, contributing to long-term growth.
  • Short-Term Focus: Buybacks can prioritize short-term stock price appreciation over long-term value creation, potentially neglecting necessary investments.
  • Market Timing Risk: Companies may buy back shares at inflated prices, resulting in poor returns for shareholders if the stock price drops.
  • Reduced Liquidity: Buybacks decrease the number of publicly traded shares, potentially reducing trading liquidity and making it harder to buy or sell shares.
  • Shareholder Equity Dilution: If buybacks are funded through debt issuance, they lead to higher leverage and interest payments, potentially diluting shareholder equity.
  • Executive Compensation Concerns: Buybacks can inflate stock prices, directly benefiting executives with stock-based compensation while not necessarily reflecting operational success.
  • Limited Future Flexibility: A company might deplete its cash reserves through buybacks, limiting its ability to respond to unforeseen challenges or opportunities.

Dividend Vs Share Buyback

The main difference between a Dividend and a Share Buyback is that shareholders retain their shares and receive more cash when the company pays out a dividend, whereas a buyback of shares returns cash only to those who choose to participate. If the company buys back shares, the shareholders who sold their shares receive cash, and the remaining owners receive shares with a greater value.

A dividend is a cash payment from a company’s earnings to its stockholders. Investors focused on receiving a steady income stream from their investments will find these actions particularly appealing. Paying regular dividends is one measure of a company’s stability and success. Even though dividends are subject to taxation for shareholders, the pressure on businesses to keep or grow them remains unchanged regardless of the state of the economy.

A firm may repurchase its own shares of stock from the open market. It lowers the total number of outstanding shares, which could increase earnings per share and the value of the company’s stock. Share buybacks are generally interpreted as a vote of confidence in a company’s long-term prospects. They benefit shareholders since capital gains are taxed lower than ordinary income. On the other hand, buybacks could be accused of favoring CEOs with stock-based remuneration over other stakeholders if they are utilized to artificially boost stock prices without resulting in any meaningful growth.

Buyback Of Shares Taxation

In India, both the company and shareholders pay taxes on share repurchases. The company pays a 20% tax on the difference between the repurchase and original issue amounts, while investors pay capital gains tax on profits from selling shares during a repurchase. The tax rate and benefits depend on whether the gains are long-term (held over 24 months) or short-term.

How To Apply For Buyback

To apply for share buyback, existing shareholders can use a tender form provided by the company. Shareholders must consider parameters like the price at which the share will be set for the share’s buyback and record date. Here is how to apply for buyback of shares:

  • Understand the Announcement: Companies typically announce their intention to conduct a buyback through regulatory filings and public announcements. Review the details, including the buyback price, timeline, and the number of shares to be repurchased.
  • Review Eligibility: Ensure that you meet the eligibility criteria set by the company for participating in the buyback. It might involve holding shares as of a specific record date.
  • Assess Your Holdings: Evaluate your current holdings to decide how many shares you want to offer for the buyback. Consider the buyback price compared to the market price and your investment objectives.
  • Provide Consent: Companies may require shareholders to consent to participate in the buyback. Depending on the company’s process, it can be done through physical forms, online portals, or depository participants.
  • Submit Required Documents: Provide any necessary documents, such as a copy of your demat statement, PAN card, and other identification documents, as required by the company or regulatory authorities.
  • Monitor Timelines: Keep track of the buyback timeline, including the opening and closing dates for the offer. Ensure your consent is submitted within the specified period.
  • Wait for Confirmation: After submitting your consent, wait for confirmation from the company regarding accepting your offer for buyback.
  • Receive Payment: If your offer is accepted, the company will repurchase your shares at the designated buyback price. The payment will typically be credited to your bank account through electronic transfer.
  • Tax Considerations: Be aware of the tax implications of the buyback, both for the company and yourself as a shareholder. Seek advice from a tax professional if needed.
  • Documentation: Keep all relevant documents, including consent forms, receipts, and payment confirmation, for your records and potential future reference.

Upcoming buyback of shares 2023

The upcoming buyback shares of 2023 include Siyaram Silk Mills, Larsen & Toubro, and BSE Limited. 

Here are some major Indian companies that have announced share buyback programs in 2023:

Company NameRecord DateBuyback TypeBuyback PriceIssue-size Amount
Siyaram Silk Mills LimitedSep 18, 2023Tender Offer650108
Larsen & Toubro LimitedSep 12, 2023Tender Offer3,00010,000
BSE LimitedSep 14, 2023Tender Offer1,080374.80

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What Do You Mean By Buyback Of Shares- Quick Summary 

  • A buyback of shares is a stock market practice where a company purchases its own shares on the stock market.
  • When a business purchases its own shares on the open market, it engages in a share buyback. The practice proves to be necessary for both shareholders and the company itself.
  • The primary objective of a share buyback is to raise promoters’ ownership and a company’s value.
  • The main advantage of the buyback of shares is that it compensates the stockholders and raises the value of the firm.
  • The primary disadvantage of the buyback of shares is that it reduces the company’s financial flow.
  • The primary difference between a dividend and a share buyback is that when the firm pays out a dividend, shareholders keep their shares and earn additional money, but a share repurchase only distributes money to those who elect to participate.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What Is Buyback Of Shares? 

A share buyback is when a corporation buys back its own stock from the market or shareholders at a lower price. It reduces the number of outstanding shares, which may increase earnings per share while showing confidence in the company’s prospects.

Is share buyback taxable?

Yes, share buybacks are subject to taxation. Companies may be subject to a buyback tax on dispersed profits, and shareholders may be subject to capital gains tax on the profit of selling repurchased shares.

What are the types of share buyback?

There are two forms of buybacks: open market buybacks, in which shares are purchased from stock exchanges, and tender offer buybacks, in which owners offer a particular number of shares at a specified price.

What is the benefit of stock buyback?

Stock buybacks can increase shareholder value by increasing earnings per share, demonstrating confidence, optimizing capital structure, and offering tax benefits.

What Happens When a Company Buys Back Shares?

When a firm buys back shares, it does it with its own money rather than borrowing from shareholders or the market. This reduces the number of outstanding shares, which may lead to higher stock prices and earnings per share.

Do share prices increase after buyback?

Share prices may rise following a repurchase due to lower supply and higher earnings per share. Price variations, however, are also affected by broader market variables and firm performance.

Are share buybacks better than dividends?

For some investors, dividends raise the value of shares, while buybacks typically result in quicker price gains.

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