IRR Vs XIRR English


The main difference between IRR and XIRR is that IRR assumes regular, periodic cash flows, ideal for uniform investment scenarios, whereas XIRR is used for investments with irregular cash flows, as it incorporates specific dates for each cash flow, providing a more accurate return rate.


What Is XIRR In Mutual Fund?

XIRR in mutual funds stands for Extended Internal Rate of Return. It is a method used to calculate the annualized yield of investments with irregular cash flows, like varying mutual fund investments and redemptions. It gives a more accurate reflection of returns compared to standard IRR.

XIRR is particularly useful for mutual funds where investments and withdrawals happen at different times. Unlike IRR, which assumes equal time intervals for cash flows, XIRR factors in the actual dates of transactions, providing a realistic measure of a fund’s performance.

This method is essential for investors in evaluating the effectiveness of their timing decisions in mutual fund investments. XIRR helps in understanding how different entry and exit points in the fund can impact the overall returns, guiding better investment strategies.

For Example: Suppose you invest Rs. 10,000 in a mutual fund in January, add another Rs. 15,000 in July, and withdraw Rs. 5,000 in December. XIRR calculates your annualized return considering these varied investment and withdrawal dates.

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What is IRR?

Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is a financial metric used to evaluate the profitability of investments. It calculates the annualized expected growth rate of an investment, considering all cash inflows and outflows. IRR reflects the percentage rate earned on each rupee invested for each period it is held.

IRR is particularly useful in comparing the potential returns of different investments. By considering all cash flows, it provides a comprehensive view of an investment’s performance over time. This makes it valuable for investors to analyze projects or investments with varied cash flows.

However, IRR can be less effective for investments with unconventional cash flow patterns, such as multiple sign changes in cash flow. Additionally, it assumes that future cash flows are reinvested at the same rate as the IRR, which might not always be realistic, making its application limited in certain scenarios.

Difference Between IRR And XIRR

The main difference between IRR and XIRR is that IRR assumes regular, equal-interval cash flows, making it suitable for uniform investments, while XIRR accommodates irregular, varied-timing cash flows, providing a more accurate return rate for investments like mutual funds with non-periodic contributions and withdrawals.

FeatureIRR (Internal Rate of Return)XIRR (Extended Internal Rate of Return)
Cash Flow TimingAssumes cash flows at regular intervals.Accommodates cash flows at irregular intervals.
SuitabilityIdeal for investments with equal, periodic cash flows.Better suited for investments with non-periodic, varied-timing cash flows.
CalculationWorks well with investments where cash flows occur at the end of each period.Takes into account the specific dates of each cash flow, providing more precision.
Use CaseCommonly used for bonds, annuities, and other uniform investments.Frequently used for mutual funds, real estate, and projects with uneven cash flows.
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IRR Vs XIRR –  Quick Summary

  • The main distinction between IRR and XIRR is that IRR is ideal for uniform investments with regular cash flows, whereas XIRR more accurately calculates returns for investments with irregular, non-periodic cash flows, like many mutual funds.
  • XIRR, or Extended Internal Rate of Return in mutual funds, calculates annualized yield for investments with irregular cash flows, such as varied mutual fund contributions and withdrawals, offering a more precise reflection of returns than standard IRR.
  • Internal Rate of Return (IRR) evaluates an investment’s profitability by calculating its annualized growth rate, taking into account all cash inflows and outflows. It indicates the percentage return on each invested rupee over the investment duration.


What Is The Difference Between IRR And XIRR?

The main difference between IRR and XIRR is that IRR assumes regular intervals, suitable for uniform investments, while XIRR accommodates irregular intervals, better for investments with varied-timing cash flows like mutual funds.

What Is An Example Of IRR?

An example of IRR: If you invest Rs. 100,000 in a project and receive Rs. 20,000 annually for 6 years, the IRR would be the rate that equates the total cash flows to Rs. 100,000.

How Is IRR Calculated?

IRR is calculated by finding the discount rate that sets the net present value (NPV) of all cash flows from an investment to zero. It’s determined using iterative methods or financial calculators/software.

How Much XIRR Is Good For Mutual Funds?

A good XIRR for mutual funds typically ranges from 12% to 15%, reflecting a strong performance. However, this can vary based on the fund’s risk profile and market conditions. Above-average returns are often seen favorably.

What Is The Difference Between XIRR And Annual Return?

The main difference is that XIRR accounts for the timing and size of irregular cash flows in calculating annualized returns, while annual return typically measures the straightforward yearly return without considering specific cash flow timings.

Can XIRR Go Negative?

Yes, XIRR can go negative. This occurs when the total value of cash outflows (investments) exceeds the total value of cash inflows (returns) over a period, indicating a loss on the investment.

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