Proposed Dividend

November 7, 2023

Proposed Dividend

A proposed dividend is the amount of money a company proposes giving its shareholders in a year. This money is proposed by the BOD of a company and needs to be approved by the shareholders. The proposal is made at the end of the financial year at an annual Board meeting.


Proposed Dividend Meaning

A proposed dividend is a portion of a company’s profits that the Board of Directors recommends distributing to shareholders. This proposal requires approval from shareholders at the annual meeting, where they can influence or adjust the suggested dividend amount.

How To Calculate Proposed Dividend?

To calculate a proposed dividend, assess net earnings and subtract any retained earnings designated for reinvestment. Then, determine the dividend payout ratio, the percentage of earnings intended to be distributed as dividends. It can be calculated using: Dividend Payout Ratio = (Dividends / Earnings) * 100. 

Now, multiply the earnings after retained earnings by the dividend payout ratio to arrive at the proposed dividend amount:

Proposed Dividend = (Earnings – Retained Earnings) * (Dividend Payout Ratio / 100)

Difference Between Proposed Dividend And Interim Dividend

The key difference between a proposed dividend and an interim dividend is that proposed dividends are a preliminary decision made at the end of the financial year and require shareholder approval, while interim dividends are declared and paid at any point during the year by the board of directors without requiring shareholder consent. 

Additional differences are as follows:

AspectsProposed DividendInterim Dividend
PurposeIntention to distribute profits as dividends, subject to shareholder consentProvides shareholders with an early distribution of profits
FrequencyAnnually, as part of the regular dividend distribution processOccurs periodically throughout the financial year
FlexibilityLess flexible, as it’s an annual planning processMore flexible, addressing the need for periodic payouts
FormalityInvolves a formal shareholder voteDecided by the board of directors without shareholder voting

Benefits of Proposed Dividend 

The main benefit of proposed dividends is that they provide a clear plan for how a company intends to distribute its profits to shareholders. This plan helps in effective financial management and gives shareholders transparency about future income expectations.

Some other benefits of proposed dividends include:

  • Companies can budget and allocate funds more effectively with a clear dividend plan.
  • Helps manage and align shareholder expectations regarding future income from their investments.
  • When proposing a dividend, there is no requirement for the company to make interest payments to the shareholders.
  • The company maintains the trust of shareholders, making sure they continue to invest in the company.
  • Allows the company to adjust the proposed dividend based on financial performance before final approval.

Treatment Of Proposed Dividend In Cash Flow Statement

In the Cash Flow Statement, the previous year’s proposed dividend is added to net profit and then subtracted in the financing section. The current year’s proposed dividend isn’t considered as it’s a future obligation.

Proposed Dividend  – Quick Summary

  • Proposed dividends denote the sum a company plans to distribute annually to shareholders, as suggested by the Board of Directors. This proposal must be approved by shareholders at the annual meeting, ensuring their participation in the decision-making process.
  • A proposed dividend is a suggested amount of money by a company’s Board of Directors to be distributed to shareholders annually, subject to shareholder approval.
  • To Calculate the Proposed Dividend, determine the dividend payout ratio and apply it to earnings after subtracting retained earnings designated for reinvestment.
  • The difference between Proposed and Interim Dividends is that Proposed dividends need shareholder approval and are decided at the end of the financial year, while interim dividends are paid at any point in the year by the board of directors.
  • The benefits of Proposed Dividends are that they provide financial planning transparency, help manage shareholder expectations, and maintain trust.
  • Regarding the Treatment Of Proposed Dividend In Cash Flow Statement, proposed dividends from the previous year are added to net profit in operating activities, and the same amount is subtracted from financing activities. 
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Proposed Dividend Meaning – FAQs  

What Is a Proposed Dividend?

A proposed dividend is declared for the next financial year and requires the shareholder’s approval. The proposal is made at the end of the financial year at an annual board meeting.

What is the difference between proposed dividend and dividend payable?

The main difference between a proposed dividend and dividend payable is that the proposed dividend is a pre-intended suggestion by the company’s board at the Annual General Meeting. In contrast, the dividend payable is the final dividend the shareholders decide, typically based on a one-vote-per-share basis.

How do you calculate proposed dividends?

To calculate proposed dividends:

  1. Assess net earnings.
  2. Subtract retained earnings allocated for reinvestment.
  3. Determine the dividend payout ratio (percentage of earnings to be distributed).
  4. Multiply earnings after retained earnings by the dividend payout ratio to get the proposed dividend amount.

What is the journal entry for the proposed dividend?

The journal entry for the proposed dividend typically involves debiting Retained Earnings to reduce them and crediting Dividend Payable to reflect the amount owed to shareholders. Additionally, the money is paid to shareholders on the payment date and not when the decision is declared.

Is the proposed dividend an asset or liability?

The proposed dividend is a liability shown on the company’s balance sheet.

Is the proposed dividend taxable?

In India, when a company proposes to pay a dividend to shareholders, it must pay the proposed dividend at the tax rate of 15%.

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