Redemption Of Debentures Meaning English

Redemption Of Debentures Meaning

Redemption of debentures is a process where a company pays back its debt obligations to debenture holders on a specific date and at a predetermined priceThis repayment is part of the company’s financial planning and usually occurs at the debentures’ maturity date, per their terms.


What Is Redemption Of Debentures?

Redemption of Debentures is the process by which a company returns the principal amount of the debt to its debenture holders at an agreed-upon time. This is a planned financial move to ensure that the company always meets its debt obligations. 

For instance, if a business issues debentures that mature in 10 years for a total of ₹1,00,000, it is obligated to pay back this amount to the holders of the debentures at the end of this 10-year period. This repayment is often done using funds that the company has systematically set aside over the years to meet this obligation, ensuring financial stability and maintaining trust with investors.

Redemption Of Debentures Example

To illustrate debenture redemption, consider a company that issues 5-year debentures valued at ₹1,00,000. Initially, the company raises funds by issuing these debentures. 

Over the next five years, it systematically allocates resources, perhaps from profits or through a sinking fund, to prepare for redemption. When the 5-year term concludes, the company is prepared to repay the entire amount of ₹1,00,000 to the debenture holders, fulfilling its financial obligation. This process ensures that the company responsibly manages its debt and maintains the confidence of its investors.

Methods Of Redemption Of Debentures

Methods of redeeming debentures vary, and some of them are as follows:

  • Lump-sum Payment on a Prefixed Date
  • Payment in Annual Instalments
  • Debenture Redemption Reserve
  • Call and Put Option
  • Conversion into Shares
  • Buy from the Open Market

Lump-sum Payment on a Prefixed Date

This method involves the company repaying the entire debt in one go at the end of the term. It is straightforward and simple, requiring the company to pay back the full face value of the debentures at a predetermined date.

Payment in Annual Instalments

In Payment in Annual Instalments, the company repays the value of the debenture in predetermined annual installments over the course of the debenture’s duration. By using this method, the burden of financial responsibility is spread out over a number of years.

Debenture Redemption Reserve

This approach requires the company to create a reserve fund by setting aside a portion of its profits every year until the debentures are due for redemption. This ensures that there are sufficient funds available for redemption without impacting the company’s liquidity.

Call and Put Option

In this method, the company retains the option to redeem (call option) the debentures before maturity, or the debenture holders have the option to sell them back to the company (put option) at predetermined times and prices.

Conversion into Shares

With this approach, the debentures are converted into equity shares of the company at rates that have been determined in advance. This provides the company with the ability to more effectively manage its cash flow.

Buy from the Open Market

Buy from the Open Market is a way for a company to buy its debentures on the open market, especially when they are trading below their face value, which lowers the cost of redemption overall.

Premium On Redemption Of Debentures

Premium on the redemption of debentures refers to the extra amount over and above the face value that a company pays to debenture holders when redeeming the debentures. This premium is an additional cost for the company, representing a reward to the debenture holders for their investment.

This premium is often decided at the time of issuing the debentures and is factored into the company’s redemption strategy. For instance, if debentures with a face value of ₹1,00,000 are redeemed at a 5% premium, the company pays ₹1,05,000 upon redemption. This higher payment makes up for the risks that holders of debentures took by lending money to the company. In financial accounting, this premium is usually handled by setting aside money over the life of the debentures so that the company is ready for this extra cost when the debentures are redeemed.

What Is Capital Redemption Reserve?

Capital Redemption Reserve is a reserve that a company must create when it redeems its shares or debentures by issuing new shares. This reserve is a part of the company’s equity and cannot be used for distributing dividends.

The purpose of this reserve is to protect the interests of creditors by ensuring that the funds used for redeeming shares or debentures are not paid out as dividends. As an example, if a company issues new shares to pay off debentures, the Capital Redemption Reserve must receive the amount raised by the new shares, up to the face value of the redeemed debentures. This reserve acts as a safeguard, ensuring that the company maintains a certain level of equity capital and adheres to statutory requirements for the protection of creditors and investors.

Difference Between Capital Redemption Reserve And Debenture Redemption Reserve

The main difference between Capital Redemption Reserve (CRR) and Debenture Redemption Reserve (DRR) is that CRR is formed when redeeming shares or debentures through new shares to maintain capital, while DRR is set up from a company’s profits specifically to ensure funds are available for deben