What Is Gold Mutual Fund In India English

What Is Gold Mutual Fund In India?

In India, a Gold Mutual Fund is an investment scheme that pools money to invest primarily in Gold ETFs and other gold-related instruments. It offers investors exposure to gold markets without the need to buy physical gold, providing a convenient and diversified investment option.


Gold Mutual Funds Meaning

In India, a Gold Mutual Fund is an investment scheme that primarily invests in Gold ETFs. Unlike direct gold investments, these funds allow investors to invest in gold-related assets without buying physical gold, making it accessible and convenient for a wide range of investors.

These funds offer a diversified approach to gold investment, as they may also invest in shares of companies involved in gold mining and processing. This diversification can potentially reduce risk compared to holding physical gold or individual gold-related stocks, while still aiming to capitalize on gold’s market movements.

Gold Mutual Funds in India are particularly appealing for investors without a Demat account, as they can be purchased in a similar way to other mutual fund schemes. They provide a systematic investment option, allowing investors to accumulate gold as an asset over time through regular contributions, which can be particularly advantageous in a country with strong cultural and economic ties to gold.

For example: An investor in India can buy units of a Gold Mutual Fund for Rs 500, investing indirectly in Gold ETFs and gold-related company shares, offering a diversified portfolio without needing physical gold or a demat account.

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How To Invest In Gold Funds?

To invest in gold funds, you can choose a mutual fund offering gold investments, open an investment account with Alice Blue or through a fund house, and then buy units of the gold fund either in a lump sum or via a systematic investment plan (SIP).

  • Choose a Gold Investment Mutual Fund

Research and select a mutual fund that specializes in gold investments. Consider factors like fund performance, expense ratios, and investment strategy to find a fund that aligns with your investment goals.

  • Open an Investment Account

Set up an account with a broker like Alice Blue or directly through a mutual fund house. This account will be used to manage your investments, including buying and selling fund units.

  • Buy Units of the Gold Fund

After opening your account, purchase units of the chosen gold fund. You can invest a lump sum amount or opt for a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP), which allows regular, smaller investments at fixed intervals, aiding in disciplined investing and averaging out the investment cost over time.

Gold ETF Vs Gold Mutual Fund

The main difference between Gold ETFs and Gold Mutual Funds is that gold ETFs require a Demat account for direct gold price tracking, while Gold Mutual Funds, accessible without a demat account, invest in various gold-related assets, offering more diversification.

AspectGold ETFGold Mutual Fund
Investment FocusDirect investment in gold; tracks gold pricesInvests in Gold ETFs and gold-related companies
AccessibilityRequires demat account; traded like stocksNo demat account is needed; simpler for beginners
Trading and LiquidityHigh liquidity; traded on the stock exchangeBought/sold based on daily NAV; less liquid
DiversificationPure exposure to gold pricesDiversified in gold ETFs and gold sector stocks
SuitabilitySuitable for market-savvy investorsIdeal for investors seeking gold exposure without market complexities
Minimum InvestmentVaries based on the market price of goldLower minimum investment; accessible via SIPs
ManagementPassive; closely follows gold pricesActively managed, potentially higher fees

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Gold Mutual Funds

The main advantage of Gold Mutual Funds is diversified gold exposure without owning physical gold, accessible via SIPs, suitable for non-market-savvy investors. Disadvantages include the potential for lower returns due to fund management fees and not directly mirroring gold price movements like Gold ETFs.

Diversified Gold Exposure

Gold Mutual Funds provide investment in gold-related assets without the need for physical gold, offering diversification across various gold investments, and reducing the risk associated with direct gold price fluctuations.


They are accessible without a demat account, making it easier for average investors to participate, and can be invested in through SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans), allowing for smaller, regular investments, suitable for those not familiar with stock market intricacies.

Management Fees

These funds often involve management fees, which can lower overall returns compared to direct gold investments or Gold ETFs, as a portion of the investment is used to cover fund operating expenses.

Indirect Gold Price Tracking

Unlike Gold ETFs that directly track gold prices, Gold Mutual Funds invest in a variety of gold-related assets, leading to a potential mismatch between fund performance and actual gold price movements, potentially affecting expected returns from gold market trends.

Gold Mutual Fund Taxation

In India, Gold Mutual Funds are taxed similarly to non-equity mutual funds. If units are sold within three years of purchase, any gain is considered a short-term capital gain (STCG) and is taxed according to the investor’s income tax slab. Beyond three years, it becomes a long-term capital gain (LTCG).

For long-term capital gains, the tax rate is 20% with indexation benefits. Indexation adjusts the purchase price for inflation, effectively reducing the taxable gain. This consideration can significantly impact the tax liability, especially in periods of high inflation, making gold mutual funds a potentially tax-efficient investment.

Additionally, unlike physical gold, there’s no wealth tax on Gold Mutual Funds. This aspect simplifies the tax implications and reduces the overall tax burden on the investor. However, investors should always stay updated with tax laws, as they can change and affect the tax treatment of these investments.

Gold Mutual Funds India

In India, Gold Mutual Funds are investment schemes that pool money from investors to invest primarily in Gold ETFs and other gold-related assets. They offer an accessible way for individuals to gain exposure to gold without the complexities of handling physical gold or trading gold directly.

These funds are particularly beneficial for those without a demat account, as they can be easily purchased through regular mutual fund channels. They provide a means of participating in the gold market with lower minimum investment thresholds, making them suitable for small and retail investors.

Moreover, Gold Mutual Funds offer the flexibility of systematic investment plans (SIPs), allowing investors to contribute small amounts regularly, ideal for building a gold investment gradually. This systematic approach helps in averaging the cost and mitigates the risk associated with timing the market, especially in the volatile gold market.

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What Is Gold Mutual Fund? –  Quick Summary

  • In India, Gold Mutual Funds pool investor money to invest in Gold ETFs and gold-related assets, providing easy access to gold investment without the challenges of managing physical gold or direct gold trading.
  • To invest in gold funds, select a mutual fund with gold investment options, open an account with Alice Blue or a fund house, and purchase units of the gold fund either as a lump sum or through an SIP.
  • The main difference is that Gold ETFs require a demat account and track gold prices directly, while Gold Mutual Funds don’t need a Demat account and offer more diversification by investing in various gold-related assets.
  • The main benefits of Gold Mutual Funds are diversified exposure to gold without physical ownership, offering easy access through SIPs for those less familiar with markets. Drawbacks include potentially lower returns due to management fees and indirect gold price tracking compared to Gold ETFs.
  • In India, Gold Mutual Funds are taxed like non-equity funds. Gains from units sold within three years are taxed as short-term capital gains, per the investor’s tax slab. After three years, gains are classified as long-term capital gains.

Gold Mutual Funds Meaning – FAQs  

What Are Gold Funds In Mutual Funds?

Gold funds in mutual funds are schemes that primarily invest in gold-related assets, including Gold ETFs and stocks of gold mining companies, offering investors exposure to gold prices without directly owning physical gold.

How Do I Buy Gold Mutual Funds?

To buy Gold Mutual Funds, research and select a suitable fund, then purchase units through Alice Blue or a mutual fund house, either as a lump sum or via systematic investment plans (SIPs).

What Is The Minimum Investment In Gold Mutual Funds?

The minimum investment in Gold Mutual Funds varies by fund, but typically it can start as low as Rs 500, making it an accessible option for investors looking to start with small amounts.

What Is The Difference Between A Gold Fund And A Mutual Fund?

The main difference is that a gold fund specifically invests in gold-related assets, including Gold ETFs, while a general Mutual Fund diversified across various asset classes like stocks, bonds, and sometimes gold.

What Are The Best Gold Mutual Funds?

Identifying the best gold mutual funds depends on individual goals and market conditions. Renowned options include funds from SBI, HDFC, and Kotak, but it’s crucial to research current performances and fees to align with your specific investment objectives.

Is It Safe To Invest In Gold Mutual Funds?

Investing in Gold Mutual Funds is generally considered safe but like all investments, it carries risks. These funds are subject to gold price volatility and market fluctuations, so they should align with your risk tolerance and investment goals.

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