What Is Trigger Price In Stop Loss

What Is Trigger Price In Stop Loss?

In a stop-loss order, the trigger price is the specified level at which the order gets activated. Once the market price of the security hits or crosses this trigger price, the stop loss order turns into a market or limit order, depending on the trader’s setup.

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What Is A Stop-loss Order?

A stop-loss order is an order placed with a broker to buy or sell a security once it reaches a certain price. It’s designed to limit an investor’s loss on a position in a security. The stop-loss order becomes active at a predetermined trigger price.

When the security reaches this trigger price, the stop-loss order converts into a market order, and the broker executes the trade. It’s commonly used to exit a position in a falling market to prevent further losses or to lock in profits on a stock that’s rising.

However, it’s not a foolproof strategy. In volatile markets, a stop-loss order may execute at a lower price than anticipated due to gaps or slippage. Additionally, short-term market fluctuations might prematurely trigger the order, resulting in an unwanted sale or purchase.

For example: If you buy a stock at Rs. 100 and set a stop-loss order at Rs. 90, the order will automatically sell your stock if its price falls to Rs. 90, limiting your loss.

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Trigger Price In Stop Loss

In a stop-loss order, the trigger price is the specific price point at which the order is activated. It’s set by the investor to automatically initiate a sell or buy order when the security price reaches this level, aiming to minimize losses or protect profits.

When the market price of a security reaches or crosses the trigger price, the stop-loss order changes from a dormant state to an active market or limit order. This ensures the trade is executed, but the execution price may vary, especially in volatile markets.

However, setting the trigger price too close to the market price can result in premature activation due to normal price fluctuations, leading to unintended trades. Conversely, setting it too far may lead to larger-than-desired losses or missed profit opportunities, highlighting the need for strategic placement.

For example: If you own a stock bought at Rs. 150, setting a stop-loss trigger price at Rs. 140 means if the stock falls to or below Rs. 140, your sell order gets activated.

Stop Loss Trigger Price Example

For example, if you buy a stock at Rs. 200 and set a stop-loss trigger price at Rs. 180, the stop-loss order activates when the stock price falls to or below Rs. 180. This is aimed to automatically limit your potential loss.

The chosen trigger price of Rs. 180 acts as a threshold. If the stock’s price drops to this level, the stop-loss order becomes a market order to sell at the next available price, ideally close to Rs. 180. This helps in minimizing losses in a declining market.

However, in a highly volatile market, the final selling price might be lower than Rs. 180 due to rapid price changes. It’s also possible for temporary market fluctuations to trigger the order unintentionally, potentially resulting in an early exit from a potentially profitable position.

Significance Of Trigger Price

The main significance of the trigger price in a stop-loss order lies in its role as a safety mechanism. It automatically initiates a trade to minimize potential losses or protect profits, helping investors manage risk and exit positions at predetermined price levels in volatile markets.

  • Automatic Risk Control

The trigger price acts as an automated control to limit losses or secure profits. By setting this price, investors can ensure trades are executed when certain price conditions are met, without constantly monitoring the market.

  • Strategic Exit Points

It enables investors to set strategic exit points for their investments. Whether it’s to prevent a steep loss or to capture a profit, the trigger price provides a predetermined point to exit, aligning with the investor’s strategy and risk tolerance.

  • Psychological Comfort

Setting a trigger price can offer psychological comfort to investors. It helps in dealing with the emotional aspect of trading by making the sell or buy decision automatically, reducing the likelihood of panic-driven or impulsive decisions.

  • Market Volatility Management

In volatile markets, the trigger price is crucial for managing sudden price swings. It ensures that an investor’s exposure to unexpected market movements is limited, helping to stabilize their portfolio during turbulent times.

Disadvantages Of Stop Loss Trigger Price

The main disadvantage of a stop-loss trigger price is its vulnerability to market volatility, which can lead to premature execution of the order. This often results in the selling of an asset at a low point, missing potential rebounds and profits.

  • Risk of Premature Execution

High market volatility can trigger a stop loss even during short-term price dips, leading to the unnecessary sale of assets. This can cause investors to exit positions prematurely, potentially missing out on subsequent price recoveries and profits.

  • No Guarantee on Execution Price

The trigger price doesn’t guarantee the execution price will be the same. In fast-moving markets, the actual sale price may be significantly lower than the trigger, especially in the case of market orders, leading to greater-than-expected losses.

  • Potential for Gaps and Slippage

In scenarios where stock prices gap lower beyond the trigger price (due to overnight news, for example), the order may execute at a much lower price, resulting in larger losses than anticipated.

  • Emotional Bias and Overreliance

Relying solely on stop-loss orders can lead to an overreliance on automated trading tools, potentially neglecting other important aspects of trading strategy like fundamental analysis, market trends, and investor intuition.

Why Should You Use Stop Loss Trigger Price?

Using a stop-loss trigger price is essential to limit potential losses and protect profits in trading. It acts as a predefined point for automatically executing a sell or buy order, reducing the emotional impact of decision-making and providing a safety net in volatile market conditions.

Setting this trigger price helps manage risk effectively. It ensures that if the market moves against your position, your losses are capped at an acceptable level. This tool is particularly useful in preventing significant account drawdowns during rapid market downturns and maintaining a healthier portfolio balance.

Additionally, a stop-loss trigger price can aid in preserving gains. For profitable positions, adjusting the trigger price upwards can lock in profits while still allowing room for further growth. It provides a disciplined approach to trading, preventing emotional decisions like holding onto a stock for too long or selling too early.

Trigger Price In Stop Loss –  Quick Summary

  • A stop-loss order, activated at a set trigger price, is used to limit losses by automatically buying or selling securities when they reach a specified price, helping investors manage risk effectively.
  • A stop-loss order’s trigger price is set by the investor to automatically activate a sell or buy order at a specific price point, aiming to minimize losses or secure profits when the security reaches this level.
  • The main purpose of the trigger price in a stop-loss order is as a safety tool. It automatically executes trades to minimize losses or safeguard profits, enabling investors to manage risks and strategically exit positions in unpredictable markets.
  • The main drawback of a stop-loss trigger price is its susceptibility to market volatility, causing premature order execution and possibly resulting in asset sales at low points, thereby missing out on potential rebounds and gains.
  • A stop-loss trigger price is key in trading to limit losses and safeguard profits, automatically executing trades at a set point and serving as a crucial safety measure in fluctuating market conditions.

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Trigger Price In Stop Loss – FAQs  

What Is Trigger Price In Stop Loss?

In a stop-loss order, the trigger price is the specified level at which the order activates, automatically executing a sell or buy to limit losses or lock in profits based on market movements.

What Is An Example Of A Trigger Price?

For example, if you buy a stock at Rs. 150 and set a stop loss trigger price at Rs. 140, the order activates and sells the stock if its price drops to Rs. 140.

What Is The Difference Between Stop-loss Limit And Trigger?

The main difference is that a stop-loss limit order specifies the price to sell a security, while a trigger price is the point at which this limit order becomes active in the market.

What Is Trigger Price In GTT?

In GTT (Good-Till-Triggered) orders, the trigger price is the pre-set level at which the order becomes active. Once the market price reaches this level, the GTT order converts to a market or limit order.

How Is Trigger Price Calculated?

Trigger price is typically determined by the investor based on their risk tolerance and market analysis. It’s set at a level where they’re willing to exit the position to limit losses or secure profits.

What Is The Use Of Trigger Price?

The main use of trigger price is to automatically activate a stop loss or limit order in trading, helping manage risks by setting a predefined point for executing trades, thus protecting against significant losses.

Should Trigger Price Be Greater Than Limit Price?

In a stop-loss order, the trigger price should usually be greater than the limit price for sell orders, and lesser for buy orders. This ensures the order activates before reaching your desired limit price.

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