Why Do Companies Go Public English

Why Do Companies Go Public?

Companies go public to raise significant capital for expansion, repay debt, or fund research and development. Going public also increases visibility and credibility, provides liquidity for early investors, enables employee stock ownership plans, and diversifies ownership through public shareholding, enhancing the company’s growth potential.


What Is An IPO?

IPO(Initial Public Offering) refers to the process by which a private company offers its shares to the public for the first time to raise capital from public investors.

In an IPO, a privately held company transforms into a public company. This transition is a critical step for a company’s growth, allowing it to access funds from a larger pool of investors. The funds raised are typically used for various purposes like expansion, debt repayment, or research and development.

The process involves several steps, including regulatory compliance, valuation of the company, determining the share price, and marketing the shares to potential investors. Post-IPO, the company’s shares are traded on stock exchanges, subjecting it to public scrutiny and regulatory requirements, but providing liquidity and opportunities for growth.

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Why Do Companies Go Public?

Companies go public primarily to raise significant capital, which can be used for expansion, innovation, or paying off debt. This process, known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO), also increases the company’s visibility and credibility in the market.

By going public, a company can tap into the vast pool of funds available from public investors. This influx of capital is crucial for supporting various initiatives like expanding operations, entering new markets, or investing in research and development. Public funding offers a level of financial flexibility not typically available through private investments.

Additionally, going public provides liquidity for existing shareholders and attracts talented employees through stock-based compensation. It broadens the company’s ownership base, spreading risk among a larger group of shareholders. This can enhance the company’s market valuation, making it more competitive and well-positioned for long-term growth.

Importance Of An IPO

The main importance of an IPO lies in its ability to raise substantial capital for a company, enhance its public profile, provide liquidity to early investors and founders, and create opportunities for market expansion and growth through increased financial resources and public visibility.

  • Capital Raise

An IPO is a significant way for a company to raise large amounts of capital. This funding is essential for various purposes like expansion, research and development, and paying off debts, facilitating the company’s growth and operational scaling.

  • Enhanced Public Profile

Going public increases a company’s visibility and credibility in the market. This enhanced profile can attract more business opportunities, partnerships, and talented employees, contributing to the company’s long-term success.

  • Liquidity for Early Investors

IPOs provide an exit route for early investors and founders, offering them liquidity. It allows them to realize gains from their initial investment, which might have been locked for years.

  • Market Expansion and Growth

The influx of capital from an IPO can be used to expand into new markets, invest in new products or services, and increase the company’s competitive edge. This growth potential is often more significant than what could be achieved with private funding alone.

  • Public Visibility and Brand Recognition

Listing on a stock exchange increases a company’s public visibility, enhancing its brand recognition. This can lead to increased customer trust and loyalty, contributing to higher sales and profitability.

How To Invest In An IPO?

To invest in an IPO through Alice Blue, first open a Demat account with them. Then, apply for the IPO using their trading platform or through your net banking facility, selecting the desired IPO, entering bid details, and submitting your application.

  • Open a Demat Account

Start by opening a Demat account with Alice Blue. This account is necessary for holding and trading shares in the electronic format.

  • Register for Online Trading

Sign up for online trading with Alice Blue, which will give you access to their trading platform and tools.

  • Select the Desired IPO

Once logged in, navigate to the IPO section of the platform. Here, you can find a list of current and upcoming IPOs.

  • Enter Bid Details

Choose the IPO you want to invest in and enter your bid details, including the number of shares and bid price, within the price range given.

  • Submit Your Application

After entering all the details, review your application and submit it. The blocked amount for the application will only be deducted from your account if the IPO shares are allotted to you.

  • Wait for Allotment

After the closure of the IPO, the allotment process begins. If you are allotted shares, they will be credited to your Demat account, and the corresponding amount will be deducted from your account.

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Why Do Companies Go Public In India? –  Quick Summary

  • An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is when a private company first sells shares to the public to raise capital. This key growth step allows access to a broader investor base for purposes like expansion and R&D. The IPO process includes regulatory compliance, valuation, pricing, and marketing, culminating in public stock exchange trading.
  • Companies go public through an IPO mainly to raise substantial capital for expansion, innovation, or debt repayment. This process significantly enhances the company’s market visibility and credibility.
  • The main significance of an IPO is in raising substantial capital, boosting a company’s public profile, providing liquidity for early investors and founders, and creating growth and expansion opportunities through enhanced financial resources and increased public visibility.
  • The main steps to invest in an IPO through Alice Blue include opening a Demat account with them, applying for the IPO via their trading platform or net banking, choosing the IPO, entering bids, and submitting your application.

Why Does A Company Offer An IPO? – FAQs

What Is The Reason For Public Company?

The primary reason for a company going public is to raise substantial capital through selling shares, enabling growth and expansion, while also providing liquidity for existing shareholders and increasing the company’s public profile and credibility.

What Are The Requirements To Go Public?

To go public, a company must meet regulatory requirements, prepare financial statements, undergo audits, file a registration statement with the SEC, set an IPO price, and comply with ongoing public reporting obligations post-IPO.

Who Is Eligible For IPO?

Anyone with a valid Demat account and who meets the eligibility criteria set by the IPO, such as minimum age and investment limits, can apply for an IPO in India.

What Happens When A Company Goes Public?

When a company goes public, it offers its shares to the general public through an IPO, gets listed on a stock exchange, raises capital, and its ownership becomes divided among public shareholders.

Can A Public Company Go Back To Private?

Yes, a public company can go back to being private. This typically involves a major shareholder or management buying out public shareholders, delisting the company from the stock exchange, and restructuring ownership and control.

Is It Good For A Company To Go Public?

Going public can be beneficial for a company, offering access to significant capital, enhanced visibility, increased valuation, and liquidity for early investors, but it also brings regulatory scrutiny, reporting requirements, and potential loss of control.

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