Types Of Convertible Bonds English

Types Of Convertible Bonds

Types of convertible bonds come in various forms, each with unique features. Some popular types are: 

  • Vanilla Convertible Bonds: Standard conversion terms.
  • Partially Convertible Bonds: Only part convertible into equity.
  • Optionally Convertible Bonds: Conversion is optional.
  • Fully Convertible Bonds: Entire bond value is convertible.


What is a Convertible bond?

A convertible bond is a financial instrument combining the characteristics of bonds and stocks. It enables the bondholder to convert the bond into a specific number of shares in the issuing company. The bondholder can convert the bond at certain times during its life. 

Convertible bonds give investors the safety of regular interest payments like a bond, plus the option to convert to equity, which could help them make money if the issuing company’s stock price goes up. 

For instance, an investor who owns convertible bonds can turn them into shares if the price of the company’s stock goes up a lot. This could give them a higher return than just getting interest payments.  

Types Of Convertible Bonds In India

Types of convertible bonds in India feature various types, each catering to different investment strategies and objectives. They are discussed below:

Vanilla Convertible Bonds

Vanilla Convertible Bonds are standard convertible bonds that allow investors to convert them into a predetermined number of company shares at specific times during the bond’s life. The conversion is based on a conversion ratio set at issuance. This type offers investors a straightforward path to equity participation in the company, combining bond security with potential stock growth.

Partially Convertible Bonds

Only a part of these partially convertible bonds is convertible into company shares, while the rest remains as a bond. This dual nature offers investors regular interest payments and a fixed income component, along with the potential upside of equity exposure. It’s an attractive option for those seeking both stability and growth.

Optionally Convertible Bonds

Optionally convertible bonds give bondholders the flexibility to choose whether to convert the bond into shares. The decision is typically based on market performance and the company’s prospects. This type is ideal for investors who want to retain the option to participate in the company’s equity growth while preserving the right to retain a fixed-income instrument.

Fully Convertible Bonds

Fully convertible bonds are entirely convertible into a company’s stock after a pre-determined period. This complete conversion effectively turns the bondholder into a shareholder, allowing full participation in the company’s equity growth. They are suitable for investors confident in the company’s potential and willing to exchange fixed-income security for possible higher returns from equity.

To understand the topic and get more information, please read the related stock market articles below.

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Full Service Brokerage
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Advantages Of Convertible Bonds
Short Term Capital Gain
Long Term Capital Gain
What is Share Capital
Types of Share Capital
What is Equity Share Capital

Types Of Convertible Bonds – Quick Summary

  • Types of convertible bonds include vanilla convertible bonds with standard conversion terms, partially convertible bonds with only a portion convertible, optional convertible bonds offering conversion choice, and fully convertible bonds where the entire value is convertible.
  • Convertible bonds blend bond and stock features, allowing bondholders to convert their bonds into a set number of company shares at specified times. They offer regular interest payments and an option to benefit from equity appreciation, providing a combination of safety and potential for higher returns.
  • In India, convertible bonds cater to various investment strategies, including Vanilla Convertible Bonds for straightforward equity conversion, Partially Convertible Bonds offering a mix of fixed income and equity potential, Optionally Convertible Bonds for flexible equity participation, and Fully Convertible Bonds that fully convert into equity, ideal for investors seeking equity growth potential.
  • Earn better returns than FDs with a government guarantee by investing in Govt bonds, T-bills, and State Development Loans (SDLs) by i