Gold ETF Vs Gold Mutual Fund English

Gold ETF Vs Gold Mutual Fund

The main difference between Gold ETFs and Gold Mutual Funds is that gold ETFs are traded on stock exchanges like individual stocks, offering direct exposure to gold prices. Gold Mutual Funds invest in gold ETFs and other related assets, indirectly tracking gold performance.


What Is Gold ETF?

A Gold ETF (Exchange Traded Fund) is an investment fund that tracks the price of gold and trades on stock exchanges like individual stocks. Each share typically represents a fixed amount of gold, often physically backed, mirroring the metal’s market performance.

Investors favor Gold ETFs for their ease of trading, liquidity, and the ability to track gold prices without the inconvenience of storing physical gold. They provide a cost-effective way to invest in gold, as they bypass the premiums and storage costs associated with physical gold ownership.

Moreover, Gold ETFs offer a high level of transparency with real-time pricing during market hours, allowing investors to respond swiftly to market changes. They are also used for portfolio diversification, as gold often moves inversely to other financial assets, providing a hedge against market volatility and inflation.

For example: If gold’s market price is Rs 5,000 per gram, a Gold ETF share representing 1 gram trades around Rs 5,000. Investors can buy it like a stock, avoiding the hassle and cost of storing physical gold.

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What Is Gold Mutual Fund In India?

In India, a Gold Mutual Fund is an investment scheme that primarily invests in Gold ETFs. Unlike direct gold investments, these funds allow investors to invest in gold-related assets without buying physical gold, making it accessible and convenient for a wide range of investors.

These funds offer a diversified approach to gold investment, as they may also invest in shares of companies involved in gold mining and processing. This diversification can potentially reduce risk compared to holding physical gold or individual gold-related stocks, while still aiming to capitalize on gold’s market movements.

Gold Mutual Funds in India are particularly appealing for investors without a Demat account, as they can be purchased in a similar way to other mutual fund schemes. They provide a systematic investment option, allowing investors to accumulate gold as an asset over time through regular contributions, which can be particularly advantageous in a country with strong cultural and economic ties to gold.

For example: An investor in India can buy units of a Gold Mutual Fund for Rs 500, investing indirectly in Gold ETFs and gold-related company shares, offering a diversified portfolio without needing physical gold or a demat account.

Difference Between Gold ETF And Gold Mutual Fund 

The main difference is that gold ETFs require a Demat account for trading and directly track physical gold prices. Gold Mutual Funds, accessible without a demat account, invest in Gold ETFs and other gold-related assets, offering a diversified approach to gold investment.

CriteriaGold ETFGold Mutual Fund
Investment FocusDirect investment in physical goldInvests in Gold ETFs and gold-related companies
TradingTraded like stocks on exchanges, requires a Demat accountBought and sold like regular mutual funds, no Demat account needed
AccessibilityRequires understanding of stock market operationsAccessible to average investors without stock market experience
PricingReal-time pricing, like stocksNet Asset Value (NAV) calculated at the end of each day
DiversificationPure gold exposure, less diversifiedGreater diversification by including gold-related assets
SuitabilityIdeal for investors with demat accounts and market knowledgeSuitable for those preferring traditional mutual fund investments
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Gold Mutual Funds vs Gold ETF India –  Quick Summary

  • The main difference is that Gold ETFs, needing a demat account, directly mirror physical gold prices, while Gold Mutual Funds, requiring no demat account, invest in Gold ETFs and other assets, providing a more diversified gold investment option.
  • A Gold ETF is a fund that mirrors gold’s market performance, trading on stock exchanges with each share representing a fixed amount of physical gold, offering a direct investment option in the gold market.
  • In India, Gold Mutual Funds offer an accessible way to invest in gold-related assets without buying physical gold. They primarily invest in Gold ETFs, making gold investment convenient and suitable for a broad range of investors.

Gold ETF Vs Gold Mutual Fund – FAQs

What Is The Difference Between Gold ETF and Gold Mutual Fund?

The main difference is that gold ETFs are traded on exchanges and track physical gold prices, while Gold Mutual Funds invest in ETFs and other gold-related assets, offering broader accessibility and diversification.

Is Gold ETF Taxable In India?

Yes, in India, Gold ETFs are taxable. Capital gains from Gold ETFs are subject to either short-term capital gains tax (if held for less than 3 years) or long-term capital gains tax with indexation benefits (if held for more than 3 years).

How Can I Buy Gold Funds?

To buy gold funds, open an account with Alice Blue or through a mutual fund company, choose a suitable gold fund, and then purchase units either in a lump sum or via systematic investment plans.

Are Gold Mutual Funds Safe?

Gold mutual funds, like any investment, carry risk. They are generally safer than direct equity investments, as they diversify across gold assets, but are still subject to gold price fluctuations and market risks.

What Is The Minimum Holding Period For Gold ETF?

There is no mandated minimum holding period for Gold ETFs; investors can buy and sell them at any time during market hours. However, for tax efficiency in India, holding them for over 3 years is advisable.

What Is The Average Return On Gold ETF In India?

The average return on Gold ETFs in India varies, but historically, they have offered returns of around 8-10% annually. However, this can fluctuate significantly based on global market conditions and gold price movements.

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