What Is Candlestick In Trading English

What Is Candlestick In Trading?

In trading, a candlestick is a charting tool that displays the high, low, open, and close prices of a security for a specific period. It’s used to understand market movements and predict future trends.

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Candlestick Meaning In Trading

A candlestick in trading represents price movements within a certain timeframe, showing traders the opening and closing prices as well as the highs and lows. This visual tool helps in analyzing market sentiment.

Candlesticks in trading are not just about showing price movements; they offer insights into market psychology. By observing the shapes and patterns of candlesticks, traders can gauge the strength or weakness in the market. This understanding aids in making informed trading decisions, as each candlestick pattern can suggest potential price directions based on past behaviors.

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Candlestick Pattern With Example

A candlestick pattern is a way of showing price movements in a chart for a specific period. One common example is the “Bullish Engulfing” pattern, indicating potential upward momentum.

The “Bullish Engulfing” pattern occurs when a small red candlestick, representing a price decrease, is followed by a large green candlestick, showing a price increase, that completely engulfs the red candle. This pattern suggests that buyers have overtaken sellers, potentially leading to a price rise. For instance, if a stock opens at INR 100, drops to INR 95, then climbs to close at INR 105, and the next day it opens at INR 94 but soars to close at INR 110, this forms a Bullish Engulfing pattern. This change indicates growing buyer confidence and might be a good time for investors to consider entering the market, anticipating further increases in stock price.

How To Read Candlesticks?

Reading candlesticks involves understanding the visual representation of price movements within a specific timeframe. Each candlestick provides information on the opening, closing, high, and low prices. Steps to Reading Candlesticks:

  • Identify the Body: The body of the candlestick shows the opening and closing prices. A filled or colored body indicates the closing price was lower than the opening price, signaling a price decrease. Conversely, a hollow or uncolored body signifies the closing price was higher, indicating a price increase. For example, if the candlestick is green or hollow, it suggests buyers were dominant during the trading period, pushing the closing price above the opening price.
  • Look at the Wicks: Wicks (or shadows) extend from the body, showing the high and low prices during the trading period. Longer wicks indicate a larger difference between the high and low prices, suggesting volatility. A long upper wick with a short lower wick might indicate that prices were pushed up but then fell, showing resistance at higher levels.
  • Consider the Color: The color of the candlestick body (often red for a decrease and green for an increase) quickly indicates whether the market moved up or down. A green candlestick signifies that the market closed higher than it opened, which is a bullish signal.
  • Analyze the Size: The size of the body can tell you about the market’s strength. A long body indicates strong buying or selling pressure, while a short body suggests little price movement and consolidation. A very long green candlestick indicates strong buying pressure, whereas a short green or red candlestick suggests a lack of conviction among traders.
  • Look for Patterns: Candlestick patterns, like the “Bullish Engulfing” or “Doji,” can provide insights into market sentiment and potential price movements. A “Doji” candlestick, where the opening and closing prices are almost equal, represents indecision in the market, potentially signaling a reversal.

Types Of Candlesticks

Candlesticks can be classified into various types based on their shape and what they indicate about market sentiment. Some key types include:

  • Doji: Indicates indecision in the market.
  • Hammer and Hanging Man: Suggest potential reversals.
  • Bullish and Bearish Engulfing: Signal strength in market direction.
  • Shooting Star and Inverted Hammer: Point to reversal patterns.


Doji candlestick has a very small or nonexistent body, showing that the opening and closing prices are nearly identical. It indicates uncertainty among traders about the market’s future direction. This pattern, especially after a consistent trend, suggests a potential shift in market momentum.

Hammer and Hanging Man

These candlesticks feature a small body at the top with a long lower wick. The Hammer appears after a decline, hinting at a possible upward reversal. It shows that, despite earlier selling pressure, buyers are starting to take control. The Hanging Man, found during an uptrend, signals a possible downward reversal, indicating that sellers are beginning to push back against the buyers.

Bullish and Bearish Engulfing

These patterns signal a shift in market sentiment. A Bullish Engulfing pattern, with a smaller red candle completely covered by a larger green candle, suggests a strong upward move. It indicates growing buyer dominance. Conversely, a Bearish Engulfing pattern, where a smaller green candle is fully enveloped by a larger red candle, points to a potential downward trend. This pattern shows increasing selling activity.

Shooting Star and Inverted Hammer

Shooting Star and Inverted Hammer are distinguished by their long upper wicks, which indicate resistance levels. The Shooting Star appears after an uptrend and signals a potential bearish reversal, as it shows sellers overcoming buyers at higher price levels. The Inverted Hammer, occurring after a downtrend, hints at a bullish reversal, suggesting that buyers are attempting to rally and overcome the sellers.

Candlestick Strategy

A candlestick strategy involves using candlestick patterns to make trading decisions. One common approach is to look for reversal patterns as indicators to enter or exit trades. This strategy is based on the assumption that certain patterns signal a potential change in market direction.

  • Identify Reversal Patterns: Traders start by looking for key candlestick reversal patterns, like the Bullish Engulfing or Hammer, to identify potential turning points in the market. These patterns suggest a shift in momentum and can indicate the right time to enter or exit a trade. For example, spotting a Bullish Engulfing pattern after a downtrend might signal an upcoming upward movement. Traders would see this as a cue to consider buying, anticipating a rise in price.
  • Combine with Technical Analysis: Incorporating other technical analysis tools, such as trend lines and moving averages, helps confirm the signals from candlestick patterns. This dual approach aims to validate the potential market reversal indicated by the candlestick pattern. Utilizing moving averages to confirm a Bullish Engulfing pattern can add an extra layer of assurance, increasing the confidence in the trading decision.
  • Seek Additional Confirmation: Before acting on a pattern, seek further confirmation from indicators like volume levels or RSI (Relative Strength Index) to ensure the pattern’s strength. This step is crucial for filtering out false signals and improving trade accuracy. High trading volume accompanying a Bullish Engulfing pattern can reinforce the likelihood of an actual trend reversal, making the buy signal stronger.
  • Implement Risk Management: Applying sound risk management principles, such as setting stop-loss orders, is essential to protect against unforeseen market moves. Even with strong signals, the market can be unpredictable, and it’s important to limit potential losses. Setting a stop-loss order below the lowest point of the Bullish Engulfing candle can help minimize losses if the market doesn’t move as anticipated.
  • Review and Adjust: Continuously review the strategy’s performance and be prepared to adjust based on outcomes and market conditions. Successful trading requires adaptability and learning from both wins and losses. Regularly analyzing the success rate of trades based on candlestick patterns and adjusting the strategy as needed can optimize performance over time.

Advantage Of Candlestick Chart

One major advantage of candlestick charts is their ability to provide detailed information about market sentiment in a visual format. This makes it easier to spot trends and reversals. Additional Advantages of Candlestick Charts:

  • Visual Clarity: Candlestick charts offer clear visuals of market movements, making it easier to understand the opening, closing, high, and low prices within a specific period. This clarity helps in making quick and informed trading decisions. For instance, the distinct colors and shapes of candlesticks allow traders to quickly discern market trends and potential reversal points without delving into complex data.
  • Pattern Recognition: They enable traders to recognize patterns that predict future market movements. Recognizing these patterns can provide an edge in predicting market trends. Patterns like “Bullish Engulfing” or “Doji” signal potential market shifts, giving traders insights into possible future movements.
  • Market Sentiment: Candlestick charts are excellent for gauging market sentiment. The size and color of the candlestick can indicate whether the market is bullish or bearish. A long green candlestick indicates strong buying pressure, suggesting a bullish sentiment, whereas a long red candlestick shows strong selling pressure, indicating bearish sentiment.
  • Timing Trades: They help in timing the market better by identifying the continuation or reversal of trends. This can be crucial for entry and exit points. Identifying a “Hammer” at the bottom of a downtrend can signal a good buying opportunity, indicating a possible reversal.
  • Versatility: Candlestick charts are versatile and can be used across various markets, including stocks, forex, and commodities, making them a universally applicable tool for traders. This versatility means that the skills and insights gained from reading candlestick charts can be applied in multiple trading environments.
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What Is Candlestick In Trading? –  Quick Summary

  • Candlesticks are charting tools in trading that display the high, low, open, and close prices of a security for a specific period, aiding in understanding market movements and predicting future trends.
  • In trading, a candlestick visualizes price movements within a certain timeframe, offering insights into market sentiment by showing opening, closing, highs, and lows.
  • Candlestick patterns, like the “Bullish Engulfing” pattern, indicate potential market momentum shifts. For instance, a small red candlestick followed by a larger green one suggests a move from seller to buyer dominance, hinting at an upcoming price rise.
  • Understanding candlesticks involves recognizing how they represent price movements over time, with each candlestick detailing opening, closing, high, and low prices.
  • Types Of Candlesticks including Doji, Hammer, Hanging Man, Bullish and Bearish Engulfing, and Shooting Star, indicate market sentiment and potential reversals.
  • Candlestick strategy includes using candlestick patterns to guide trading decisions, particularly by identifying reversal patterns, can signal changes in market direction, aiding in trade entry or exit planning.
  • The main benefit of candlestick charts lies in their detailed visual representation of market sentiment, simplifying the identification of trends and reversal points.
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Candlestick Meaning In Trading – FAQs

What Is Candlestick In Trading?

A candlestick in trading is a type of chart used to display the high, low, opening, and closing prices of a security for a specific period. It’s favored for its ability to visually represent market sentiment and potential price movements.

How Do You Read A Candlestick Pattern?

To read a candlestick pattern, observe the body’s color and size, which indicates the market’s direction and momentum. Next, note the wicks for price volatility. Patterns like Doji or Engulfing suggest potential market reversals.

How Is Candlestick Calculated?

A candlestick is calculated using the open, high, low, and close prices within a chosen time frame. The body’s length shows the distance between the opening and closing prices, while wicks represent the high and low.

How Many Patterns Are In A Candlestick?

There are around 42 recognized candlestick patterns, each varying in complexity and indication. These patterns help traders identify potential market movements based on past price actions.

Do Professional Traders Use Candlestick Patterns?

Yes, professional traders widely use candlestick patterns as part of their technical analysis to predict future market behavior and inform their trading decisions, leveraging patterns for insights into market sentiment and price movements.

Can I Trade Without Candlestick?

While it’s possible to trade without using candlestick charts, they provide valuable insights into market sentiment and potential price movements that other chart types might not offer as clearly, aiding in more informed trading decisions.

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